Apr
2016

The Greek word “gonu”

Found twelve times in the New Testament, the Greek noun “gonu” meant “knee.”  In almost every place this term is used it is connected with prayer or worship.

Some “bow the knee” to false gods (Rom. 11:4Rom. 11:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.

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).  Every “knee should bow” at the name of Jesus (Phil. 2:10Phil. 2:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven and things on earth and things under the earth,

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), but all “will bow their knee” to Him at the end of time (Rom. 14:11Rom. 14:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, to me every knee shall bow, And every tongue shall confess to God.

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).  Simon Peter “fell down at Jesus’ knees” (Lk. 5:8Lk. 5:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 But Simon Peter, when he saw it, fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

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).

Apr
2016

The Greek word “goneus”

Found nineteen times in the New Testament, the Greek noun “goneus” meant “parent.”  This term first appears in Mt. 10:21Mt. 10:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 And brother shall deliver up brother to death, and the father his child: and children shall rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.

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.  Its final appearance is 2 Tim. 3:22 Tim. 3:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 For men shall be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, haughty, railers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

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.  One of the best known verses where this term occurs is Eph. 6:1Eph. 6:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.

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(“Children, obey your parents in the Lord”).

Apr
2016

The Greek word “gomos”

Found only in Acts 21:3Acts 21:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 And when we had come in sight of Cyprus, leaving it on the left hand, we sailed unto Syria, and landed at Tyre; for there the ship was to unlade her burden.

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; Rev. 18:11-12Rev. 18:11-12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for no man buyeth their merchandise any more; 12 merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stone, and pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet; and all thyine wood, and every vessel of ivory, and every vessel made of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble;

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, the Greek noun “gomos” meant “merchandise,” “cargo,” “load.”  This term described “the shipments or stock of merchandise—in particular, gold, silver, and other precious objects” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:257).

Apr
2016

Gomorrha

Found just a few times in the New Testament (Mt. 10:15Mt. 10:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.

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; Mk. 6:11Mk. 6:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And whatsoever place shall not receive you, and they hear you not, as ye go forth thence, shake off the dust that is under your feet for a testimony unto them.

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–KJV; Rom. 9:29Rom. 9:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 And, as Isaiah hath said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.

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; 2 Pet. 2:62 Pet. 2:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, having made them an example unto those that should live ungodly;

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; Jude 7), “Gomorrah” was one of the wicked Old Testament cities destroyed by God.  Jude (verse 7) noted how the sexual sin associated with this city is designed to serve as an “example.”

Apr
2016

Golgotha

Found only in Mt. 27:33Mt. 27:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

33 And they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, The place of a skull,

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; Mk. 15:22Mk. 15:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.

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; Jn. 19:17Jn. 19:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 They took Jesus therefore: and he went out, bearing the cross for himself, unto the place called The place of a skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha:

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, “Golgotha” meant “skull.”  This Aramaic term describes the site of Jesus’ crucifixion.  Based on Heb. 13:12Heb. 13:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people through his own blood, suffered without the gate.

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, we know Jesus was crucified outside the city of Jerusalem.  Some have suggested this location was close to a busy street (Mk. 15:29Mk. 15:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ha! Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,

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; Jn. 19:20Jn. 19:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 This title therefore read many of the Jews, for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city; and it was written in Hebrew, and in Latin, and in Greek.

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).  We do know it was close to the area of Jesus’ tomb (Jn. 19:41Jn. 19:41
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new tomb wherein was never man yet laid.

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).

Apr
2016

The Greek word “goes”

Found just once in the New Testament (2 Tim. 3:132 Tim. 3:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 But evil men and impostors shall wax worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived.

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), the Greek noun “goes” meant “imposter,” “magician,” “swindler,” “seducer,” “sorcerer,” “enchanter,” “wizard.”  Paul spoke “of one who entices to impious action by apparently pious words” (Kittel, 1:738).

Apr
2016

The Greek word “gongusmos”

Found just four times in the New Testament (Jn. 7:12Jn. 7:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 And there was much murmuring among the multitudes concerning him: some said, He is a good man; others said, Not so, but he leadeth the multitude astray.

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; Acts 6:1Acts 6:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 1 Now in these days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, there arose a murmuring of the Grecian Jews against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.

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; Phil. 2:14Phil. 2:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Do all things without murmurings and questionings:

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; 1 Pet. 4:91 Pet. 4:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 using hospitality one to another without murmuring:

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), the Greek noun “gongusmos” meant “mutter,” “complain,” “grumble.”  Much “murmuring” occurred because of Jesus (Jn. 7:12Jn. 7:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 And there was much murmuring among the multitudes concerning him: some said, He is a good man; others said, Not so, but he leadeth the multitude astray.

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).  There was “grumbling” in the first century church (Acts 6:1Acts 6:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 1 Now in these days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, there arose a murmuring of the Grecian Jews against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration.

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) and Paul specifically warned the Philippians about this activity (Phil. 2:14Phil. 2:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Do all things without murmurings and questionings:

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).  Peter said hospitality is to be shown without “complaining” (1 Pet. 4:91 Pet. 4:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 using hospitality one to another without murmuring:

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).

Apr
2016

The Greek word “gonguzo”

Found only in Mt. 20:11Mt. 20:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And when they received it, they murmured against the householder,

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; Lk. 5:30Lk. 5:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 And the Pharisees and their scribes murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with the publicans and sinners?

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; Jn. 6:41, 43, 61; 7:32Jn. 6:41, 43, 61; 7:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 The Jews therefore murmured concerning him, because he said, I am the bread which came down out of heaven. 43 Jesus answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. 61 But Jesus knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at this, said unto them, Doth this cause you to stumble? 32 The Pharisees heard the multitude murmuring these things concerning him; and the chief priests and the Pharisees sent officers to take him.

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; 1 Cor. 10:101 Cor. 10:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer.

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, the Greek verb “gonguzo” meant “mutter” or “grumble.”  This term is “onomatopoeic and speaks colloquially of personal dissatisfaction (regarding its means of expression as inappropriate)” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:256).

This term is associated with workers in a vineyard (Mt. 20:11Mt. 20:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And when they received it, they murmured against the householder,

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), Pharisees and scribes (Lk. 5:30Lk. 5:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 And the Pharisees and their scribes murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with the publicans and sinners?

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), Jews (Jn. 6:41, 43Jn. 6:41, 43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 The Jews therefore murmured concerning him, because he said, I am the bread which came down out of heaven. 43 Jesus answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves.

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), wavering masses (Jn. 7:32Jn. 7:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

32 The Pharisees heard the multitude murmuring these things concerning him; and the chief priests and the Pharisees sent officers to take him.

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), doubting disciples (Jn. 6:61Jn. 6:61
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

61 But Jesus knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at this, said unto them, Doth this cause you to stumble?

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), and the people of Israel during their time in the wilderness (1 Cor. 10:101 Cor. 10:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer.

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).

Apr
2016

The Greek word “gnostos”

Found most often in the book of Acts (1:19; 2:14; 4:10, 16; 9:42; 13:38; 15:18; 19:17; 28:22, 28), but also used in Lk. 2:44; 23:49Lk. 2:44; 23:49
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

44 but supposing him to be in the company, they went a day's journey; and they sought for him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance: 49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed with him from Galilee, stood afar off, seeing these things.

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; Rom. 1:19Rom. 1:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God manifested it unto them.

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, the Greek adjective “gnostos” meant “friend,” “acquaintance,” “known.”

In verses like Lk. 2:44; 23:49Lk. 2:44; 23:49
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

44 but supposing him to be in the company, they went a day's journey; and they sought for him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance: 49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed with him from Galilee, stood afar off, seeing these things.

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; Jn. 18:15-16Jn. 18:15-16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Now that disciple was known unto the high priest, and entered in with Jesus into the court of the high priest; 16 but Peter was standing at the door without. So the other disciple, who was known unto the high priest, went out and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.

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, this term means “familiar friend.”  In Acts 15:18Acts 15:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 Saith the Lord, who maketh these things known from of old.

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, this word means God is “well acquainted” with His “future plans.”