Apr
2017

The Greek word “didaskalos”

Found fifty-eight times in the New Testament and used most often in Matthew-John, the Greek noun “didaskalos” meant “teacher.”  In the KJV this word is often translated “master.”  For some of the places where this term is used see Mt. 8:19; 9:11; 10:24-25; 12:38; 17:24; 19:16; 22:16, 24, 36Mt. 8:19; 9:11; 10:24-25; 12:38; 17:24; 19:16; 22:16, 24, 36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 And there came a scribe, and said unto him, Teacher, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest. 11 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Teacher with the publicans and sinners? 24 A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his lord. 25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his teacher, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more them of his household! 38 Then certain of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, Teacher, we would see a sign from thee. 24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received the half-shekel came to Peter, and said, Doth not your teacher pay the half-shekel? 16 And behold, one came to him and said, Teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? 16 And they send to him their disciples, with the Herodians, saying, Teacher, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, and carest not for any one: for thou regardest not the person of men. 24 saying, Teacher, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 36 Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?

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; Mk. 4:38; 12:14Mk. 4:38; 12:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 And he himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion: and they awake him, and say unto him, Teacher, carest thou not that we perish? 14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Teacher, we know that thou art true, and carest not for any one; for thou regardest not the person of men, but of a truth teachest the way of God: Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?

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; Lk. 3:12; 6:40Lk. 3:12; 6:40
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 And there came also publicans to be baptized, and they said unto him, Teacher, what must we do? 40 The disciple is not above his teacher: but every one when he is perfected shall be as his teacher.

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; Jn. 1:38; 20:16Jn. 1:38; 20:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 And Jesus turned, and beheld them following, and saith unto them, What seek ye? And they said unto him, Rabbi , where abideth thou? 16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turneth herself, and saith unto him in Hebrew, Rabboni; which is to say, Teacher.

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Aside from Matthew-John this word is limited to Acts 13:1Acts 13:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 1 Now there were at Antioch, in the church that was there, prophets and teachers, Barnabas, and Symeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen the foster-brother of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

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; Rom. 2:20Rom. 2:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;

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; 1 Cor. 12:28-291 Cor. 12:28-29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, divers kinds of tongues. 29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?

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; Eph. 4:11Eph. 4:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And he gave some to be apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;

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; 1 Tim. 2:71 Tim. 2:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 whereunto I was appointed a preacher and an apostle , a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.

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; 2 Tim. 1:11; 4:32 Tim. 1:11; 4:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 whereunto I was appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher. 3 For the time will come when they will not endure the sound doctrine; but, having itching ears, will heap to themselves teachers after their own lusts;

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; Heb. 5:12Heb. 5:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 For when by reason of the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need again that some one teach you the rudiments of the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of solid food.

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; Jas. 3:1Jas. 3:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 1 Be not many of you teachers, my brethren, knowing that we shall receive heavier judgment.

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Apr
2017

The Greek word “didaskalia”

Found twenty-one times in the New Testament, the Greek noun “didaskalia” meant “instruction” or “teaching.”  There are the religious “doctrines” of men which condemn (Mt. 15:9Mt. 15:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 But in vain do they worship me, Teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men.

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; Mk. 7:7Mk. 7:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 But in vain do they worship me, Teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men.

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).  The Old Testament is for our “learning” (Rom. 15:4Rom. 15:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that through patience and through comfort of the scriptures we might have hope.

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).  People may be carried about by every wind of “doctrine” (Eph. 4:14Eph. 4:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 that we may be no longer children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, in craftiness, after the wiles of error;

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).  Some teaching is contrary to sound “doctrine” (1 Tim. 1:101 Tim. 1:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 for fornicators, for abusers of themselves with men, for menstealers, for liars, for false swearers, and if there be any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine;

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).  There are the “doctrines” of devils (1 Tim. 4:11 Tim. 4:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 1 But the Spirit saith expressly, that in later times some shall fall away from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons,

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) as well as “good doctrine” (1 Tim. 4:61 Tim. 4:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 If thou put the brethren in mind of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Christ Jesus, nourished in the words of the faith, and of the good doctrine which thou hast followed until now:

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).  Heed is to be given to “doctrine” (1 Tim. 4:11 Tim. 4:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 1 But the Spirit saith expressly, that in later times some shall fall away from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons,

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3, 16).  It is possible to “labor in doctrine” (1 Tim. 5:171 Tim. 5:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and in teaching.

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).  There is the “doctrine” according to godliness (1 Tim. 6:31 Tim. 6:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 If any man teacheth a different doctrine, and consenteth not to sound words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;

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).  We read of “sound doctrine” in Tit. 1:9; 2:1Tit. 1:9; 2:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 holding to the faithful word which is according to the teaching, that he may be able to exhort in the sound doctrine, and to convict the gainsayers. 2 1 But speak thou the things which befit the sound doctrine:

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Apr
2017

The Greek word “didaktos”

Limited to Jn. 6:45Jn. 6:45
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard from the Father, and hath learned, cometh unto me.

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and 1 Cor. 2:131 Cor. 2:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 Which things also we speak, not in words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Spirit teacheth; combining spiritual things with spiritual words.

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, the Greek adjective “didaktos” had “three senses:  a.  ‘taught,’ b.  ‘learned,’ and c.  ‘teachable.’  It is used in the absolute in Jn. 6:45Jn. 6:45
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard from the Father, and hath learned, cometh unto me.

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” (Kittel, Abridged Edition, p. 166) and shows the “distinctiveness to the source” of Paul’s teaching in 1 Cor. 2:131 Cor. 2:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 Which things also we speak, not in words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Spirit teacheth; combining spiritual things with spiritual words.

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(ibid).

Apr
2017

The Greek word “didaktikos”

Limited to 1 Tim. 3:21 Tim. 3:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 The bishop therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, sober-minded, orderly, given to hospitality, apt to teach;

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; 2 Tim. 2:242 Tim. 2:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And the Lord's servant must not strive, but be gentle towards all, apt to teach, forbearing,

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, the Greek adjective “didaktikos” meant “skillful in teaching” (Silva, 1:710).  Elders (1 Tim. 3:21 Tim. 3:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 The bishop therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, sober-minded, orderly, given to hospitality, apt to teach;

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) and the “Lord’s servant” (2 Tim. 2:242 Tim. 2:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And the Lord's servant must not strive, but be gentle towards all, apt to teach, forbearing,

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) are to be “apt to teach.”  Part of this aptness seems to involve the refutation of religious error.  Prior “to the NT, this word is attested only in Philo, who applies it not to persons but to virtue ‘acquired by teaching,’ etc., Mut 83” (ibid).

Apr
2017

The Greek word “diachorizo”

Limited to Lk. 9:33Lk. 9:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

33 And it came to pass, as they were parting from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah: not knowing what he said.

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, the Greek verb “diachorizo” meant “depart from” or “separate.”  During the transfiguration of Jesus Moses and Elijah “separated” (departed) from the Lord.

Apr
2017

The Greek word “diachleuazo”

Limited to Acts 2:13Acts 2:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 But others mocking said, They are filled with new wine.

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(in some manuscripts), the Greek verb “diachleuazo” meant “scoff” or “mock.”  Some mocked the apostle’s ability to speak in “tongues” (languages they had never learned).

Apr
2017

The Greek word “diacheirizomai”

Limited to Acts 5:30; 26:21Acts 5:30; 26:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew, hanging him on a tree. 21 For this cause the Jews seized me in the temple, and assayed to kill me.

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, the Greek verb “diacheirizomai” meant violently laying hands on someone with the end result being death.  Stated another way, this verb meant “murder with one’s own hands.”

Apr
2017

The Greek word “diaphulasso”

Limited to Lk. 4:10Lk. 4:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee, to guard thee:

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, the Greek verb “diaphulasso” meant “protect,” “guard,” “keep.”  Satan claimed, based on Ps. 91:11-12Ps. 91:11-12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 For he will give his angels charge over thee, To keep thee in all thy ways. 12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, Lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.

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, Jesus could jump from the temple and angels would “guard” Him from harm.

Apr
2017

The Greek word “diaphoros”

Limited to Rom. 12:6Rom. 12:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of our faith;

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; Heb. 1:4; 8:6; 9:10Heb. 1:4; 8:6; 9:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they. 6 But now hath he obtained a ministry the more excellent, by so much as he is also the mediator of a better covenant, which hath been enacted upon better promises. 10  being only carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

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, the Greek adjective “diaphoros” meant “diverse,” “excellent,” “different.”  In Rom. 12:6Rom. 12:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of our faith;

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this word describes a “diversity” (variety) of gifts.  Various “washings” are under consideration in Heb. 9:10Heb. 9:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10  being only carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

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.  Jesus is “superior” to angels (Heb. 1:4Heb. 1:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

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) and has a more “excellent” ministry than the Old Testament high priests (Heb. 8:6Heb. 8:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 But now hath he obtained a ministry the more excellent, by so much as he is also the mediator of a better covenant, which hath been enacted upon better promises.

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).

Apr
2017

The Greek word “diaphthora”

Limited to Acts 2:27, 31; 13:34-37Acts 2:27, 31; 13:34-37
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul unto Hades, Neither wilt thou give thy Holy One to see corruption. 31 he foreseeing this spake of the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was he left unto Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption. 34 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he hath spoken on this wise, I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David. 35 Because he saith also in another psalm, Thou wilt not give Thy Holy One to see corruption. 36 For David, after he had in his own generation served the counsel of God, fell asleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption: 37 but he whom God raised up saw no corruption.

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, the Greek noun “diaphthora” described the decomposition of the human body.  “Jesus’ resurrection was a liberation from the destruction that is brought about by death; this liberation is final.  There is no return to the destructive power of death” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:316).