Sep
2016

The Greek word “deo”

Found mainly in Matthew-Acts, but also used in Rom. 7:2Rom. 7:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 For the woman that hath a husband is bound by law to the husband while he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the husband.

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; 1 Cor. 7:27, 391 Cor. 7:27, 39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 Art thou bound unto a wife? Seek not to be loosed. Art thou loosed from a wife? Seek not a wife. 39 A wife is bound for so long time as her husband liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is free to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.

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; Col. 4:3Col. 4:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 withal praying for us also, that God may open unto us a door for the word, to speak the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in bonds;

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; 2 Tim. 2:92 Tim. 2:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 wherein I suffer hardship unto bonds, as a malefactor; but the word of God is not bound.

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; Rev. 9:14; 20:2Rev. 9:14; 20:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 one saying to the sixth angel that had one trumpet, Loose the four angels that are bound at the great river Euphrates. 2 And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years,

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, the Greek verb “deo” meant “tie,” “forbid,” “bind.”  Jesus used this word when speaking about the apostles “binding” matters on earth (Mt. 16:19; 18:18Mt. 16:19; 18:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 18 Verily I say unto you, what things soever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and what things soever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

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).  Jesus also applied this word to a “tied” animal (Mt. 21:2Mt. 21:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 saying unto them, Go into the village that is over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.

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).  The dead were “bound” in grave clothes (Jn. 11:44Jn. 11:44
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

44 He that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-clothes; and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

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).  Some Christians were “bound” (Acts 9:2Acts 9:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 and asked of him letters to Damascus unto the synagogues, that if he found any that were of the Way, whether men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem.

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).  Paul associated this word with marriage in 1 Cor. 7:27, 391 Cor. 7:27, 39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 Art thou bound unto a wife? Seek not to be loosed. Art thou loosed from a wife? Seek not a wife. 39 A wife is bound for so long time as her husband liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is free to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.

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.  God’s word is not “bound” (2 Tim. 2:92 Tim. 2:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 wherein I suffer hardship unto bonds, as a malefactor; but the word of God is not bound.

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).  John spoke of Satan being “bound” for a “thousand years” (Rev. 20:2Rev. 20:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years,

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).

Sep
2016

The Greek word “dechomai”

Used several times in the New Testament and found especially often in Matthew-Luke, “dechomai” has three common meanings.  In some places this verb means “receive” or “welcome” someone (see Lk. 10:8; 16:4Lk. 10:8; 16:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 And into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you: 4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receive me into their houses.

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).  It can also mean “seize” or “take hold” of something (see Eph. 6:17Eph. 6:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:

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).  A third and final sense is “approve” or “accept” something such as facts (see Lk. 8:13Lk. 8:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And those on the rock are they who, when they have heard, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.

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; Acts 8:14Acts 8:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Now when the apostles that were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John:

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; 1 Thess. 1:6; 2:131 Thess. 1:6; 2:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And ye became imitators of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Spirit; 13 And for this cause we also thank God without ceasing, that, when ye received from us the word of the message, even the word of God, ye accepted it not as the word of men, but, as it is in truth, the word of God, which also worketh in you that believe.

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; Jas. 1:21Jas. 1:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 Wherefore putting away all filthiness and overflowing of wickedness, receive with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.

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).

Sep
2016

The Greek word “deuteros”

Used several times in the New Testament, “deuteros” meant “second.”  Jesus used this word (Jn. 3:4Jn. 3:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter a second time into his mother's womb, and be born?

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), as did others such as Paul (1 Cor. 12:281 Cor. 12:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, divers kinds of tongues.

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; Tit. 3:10Tit. 3:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 A factious man after a first and second admonition refuse;

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), Peter (2 Pet. 3:12 Pet. 3:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 1 This is now, beloved, the second epistle that I write unto you; and in both of them I stir up your sincere mind by putting you in remembrance;

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), and John (Rev. 2:11; 6:3Rev. 2:11; 6:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death. 3 And when he opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, Come.

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).

In some places deuteros “can be used to emphasize the specifically new, which surpasses and excels the ‘first’” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:292).

Sep
2016

The Greek word “deuteroprotos”

Limited to Lk. 6:1Lk. 6:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 1 Now it came to pass on a sabbath, that he was going through the grainfields; and his disciples plucked the ears, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.

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and not found in all our manuscripts, the Greek adjective “deuteroprotos” is difficult to define.  One commonly accepted definition is “The Second-First Sabbath” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:291).  This could describe the Sabbath following the first day of the Unleavened Bread festival or the first Sabbath of a second year.

Sep
2016

The Greek word “deuteraios”

Limited to Acts 28:13Acts 28:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And from thence we made a circuit, and arrived at Rhegium: and after one day a south wind sprang up, and on the second day we came to Puteoli;

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, the Greek adjective “deuteraios” meant “the second day.”  This was a way of describing “the next day.”

Sep
2016

The Greek word “deute”

Used mainly as a horatory particle, the adverb “deute” encourages people to “come on” or “come here.”

Andrew and Peter were invited to “come” follow the Lord (Mt. 4:19Mt. 4:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 And he saith unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you fishers of men.

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).  Those who labor and are heaven laden are also invited to “come” (Mt. 11:28Mt. 11:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

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).

Aside from Rev. 19:17Rev. 19:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in mid heaven, Come and be gathered together unto the great supper of God;

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, this adverb is limited to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

Sep
2016

The Greek word “deuro”

Found nine times in the New Testament, the Greek adverb “deuro” meant “until now,” “so far,” or even “come.”  This word may be temporal, absolute, or used with reference to place.  Jesus commanded Lazarus to “come” forth (Jn. 11:43Jn. 11:43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

43 And when he had thus spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth.

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).  He also told other people to “come” (Mt. 19:21Mt. 19:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wouldest be perfect, go, sell that which thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

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; Mk. 10:21Mk. 10:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 And Jesus looking upon him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

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).

Sep
2016

The Greek word “despotes”

Found ten times in the New Testament (Lk. 2:29Lk. 2:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 Now lettest thou thy servant depart, Lord, According to thy word, in peace;

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; Acts 4:24Acts 4:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And they, when they heard it, lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, O Lord, thou that didst make the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all that in them is:

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; 1 Tim. 6:1-21 Tim. 6:1-2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 1 Let as many as are servants under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of God and the doctrine be not blasphemed. 2 And they that have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren; but let them serve them the rather, because they that partake of the benefit are believing and beloved. These things teach and exhort.

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; 2 Tim. 2:212 Tim. 2:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honor, sanctified, meet for the master's use, prepared unto every good work.

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; Tit. 2:9Tit. 2:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9  Exhort servants to be in subjection to their own masters, and to be well-pleasing to them in all things; not gainsaying;

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; 1 Pet. 2:18; 21 Pet. 2:18; 2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 2 1 Putting away therefore all wickedness, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, 2 as newborn babes, long for the spiritual milk which is without guile, that ye may grow thereby unto salvation; 3 if ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious: 4 unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, precious, 5 ye also, as living stones, are built up a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 6 Because it is contained in scripture, Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: And he that believeth on him shall not be put to shame. 7 For you therefore that believe is the preciousness: but for such as disbelieve, The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner; 8 and, A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence; for they stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. 9 But ye are a elect race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God's own possession, that ye may show forth the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: 10 who in time past were no people, but now are the people of God: who had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy. 11 Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lust, which war against the soul; 12 having your behavior seemly among the Gentiles; that, wherein they speak against you as evil-doers, they may by your good works, which they behold, glorify God in the day of visitation. 13 Be subject to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether to the king, as supreme; 14 or unto governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evil-doers and for praise to them that do well. 15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men: 16 as free, and not using your freedom for a cloak of wickedness, but as bondservants of God. 17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king. 18 Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 19 For this is acceptable, if for conscience toward God a man endureth griefs, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what glory is it, if, when ye sin, and are buffeted for it, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye shall take it patiently, this is acceptable with God. 21 For hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that ye should follow his steps: 22 who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: 23 who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously: 24 who his own self bare our sins in his body upon the tree, that we, having died unto sins, might live unto righteousness; by whose stripes ye were healed. 25 For ye were going astray like sheep; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

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Pet. 2:1; Jude 4; Rev. 6:10Rev. 6:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 and they cried with a great voice, saying, How long, O Master, the holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

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), the Greek noun “despotes” meant “ruler,” “master,” “Lord,” “owner.”

Sometimes this word is used in conjunction with slavery (see Tit. 2:9Tit. 2:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9  Exhort servants to be in subjection to their own masters, and to be well-pleasing to them in all things; not gainsaying;

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and 1 Pet. 2:181 Pet. 2:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward.

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for examples).  In other places this word is associated with prayer (see Lk. 2:29Lk. 2:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 Now lettest thou thy servant depart, Lord, According to thy word, in peace;

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; Acts 4:24Acts 4:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And they, when they heard it, lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, O Lord, thou that didst make the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all that in them is:

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).  Jude appears to have used this as a title for Jesus.

Sep
2016

The Greek word “desmotes”

Limited to Acts 27:1, 42Acts 27:1, 42
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 1 And when it was determined that we should sail for Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners to a centurion named Julius, of the Augustan band. 42 And the soldiers' counsel was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should swim out, and escape.

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, the Greek noun “desmotes” meant “prisoner” or “captive.”  This word is plural in each of these verses, and it describes “prisoners” who sailed toward Italy with Paul.

Sep
2016

The Greek word “desmoterion”

Limited to Mt. 11:2Mt. 11:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Now when John heard in the prison the works of the Christ, he sent by his disciples

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; Acts 5:21, 23; 16:26Acts 5:21, 23; 16:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 And when they heard this, they entered into the temple about daybreak, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison-house to have them brought. 23 saying, The prison-house we found shut in all safety, and the keepers standing at the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man within. 26 and suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison-house were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.

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, the Greek noun “desmoterion” meant “jail,” “prison,” “place of bondage.”

John the Baptist knew what it was like to be imprisoned (Mt. 11:2Mt. 11:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Now when John heard in the prison the works of the Christ, he sent by his disciples

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), as did the apostles.