Apr
2015

The Greek word “bathos”

Found only in Mt. 13:5Mt. 13:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 and others fell upon the rocky places, where they had not much earth: and straightway they sprang up, because they had no deepness of earth:

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; Mk. 4:5Mk. 4:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And other fell on the rocky ground, where it had not much earth; and straightway it sprang up, because it had no deepness of earth:

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; Lk. 5:4Lk. 5:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Put out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.

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; Rom. 8:39; 11:33Rom. 8:39; 11:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. 33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!

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; 1 Cor. 2:101 Cor. 2:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 But unto us God revealed them through the Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.

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; 2 Cor. 8:22 Cor. 8:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

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; Eph. 3:18Eph. 3:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 may be strong to apprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth,

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; Rev. 2:24Rev. 2:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 But to you I say, to the rest that are in Thyatira, as many as have not this teaching, who know not the deep things of Satan, as they are wont to say; I cast upon you none other burden.

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, the Greek noun “bathos” meant “depth.”

Jesus knew some have faith which has no “depth” to it (Mt. 13:5Mt. 13:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 and others fell upon the rocky places, where they had not much earth: and straightway they sprang up, because they had no deepness of earth:

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; Mk. 4:5Mk. 4:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And other fell on the rocky ground, where it had not much earth; and straightway it sprang up, because it had no deepness of earth:

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) and is thus fruitless. The Lord told Peter to put out into the “deep” on a fishing trip (Lk. 5:4Lk. 5:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Put out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.

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). There is nothing so “deep” that it can separate the saved from God’s love (Rom. 8:39Rom. 8:39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

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). Things related to God are “deep” (Rom. 11:33Rom. 11:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!

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; 1 Cor. 2:101 Cor. 2:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 But unto us God revealed them through the Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.

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; Eph. 3:18Eph. 3:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 may be strong to apprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth,

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). Satan is also associated with some “deep” matters (Rev. 2:24Rev. 2:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 But to you I say, to the rest that are in Thyatira, as many as have not this teaching, who know not the deep things of Satan, as they are wont to say; I cast upon you none other burden.

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). Some Christians may endure “deep” poverty (2 Cor. 8:22 Cor. 8:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

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).

Mar
2015

The Greek word “bathmos”

Found just once in the New Testament (1 Tim. 3:131 Tim. 3:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 For they that have served well as deacons gain to themselves a good standing, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.

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), the Greek noun “bathmos” meant “degree,” “step,” “good standing.” Deacons who serve well should expect to be in “good standing” with (respected by) others.

Mar
2015

Important developer message for your Android app:

Several users of this Greek word study app are still relying on the old version of this program. You may certainly continue to do this with your Smartphone or tablet, but please understand this old app has been removed from the Google Play Store and it will eventually stop working on your phone or tablet.

The replacement app is available at this link: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.free.greek.word.studies

The icon for the up-to-date app at the preceding link looks like a partial page of Greek writing.  The icon for the old app says “Greek Word Studies” in English and is colored gold and blue.

If you wish to continue receiving these studies, you may want to sooner rather than later download the new app and delete the old one.

Thank you and may God richly bless your study of His word.

Mar
2015

“Babulon” (“Babylon”)

“Babylon” is mentioned twelve times in the New Testament, and it is used in two different ways. In verses like Mt. 1:11-12; 17Mt. 1:11-12; 17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 and Josiah begat Jechoniah and his brethren, at the time of the carrying away to Babylon. 12 And after the carrying away to Babylon, Jechoniah begat Shealtiel; and Shealtiel begat Zerubbabel; 17 1 And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart: 2 and he was transfigured before them; and his face did shine as the sun, and his garments became white as the light. 3 And behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elijah talking with him. 4 And Peter answered, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, I will make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah. 5 While he was yet speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him. 6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid. 7 And Jesus came and touched them and said, Arise, and be not afraid. 8 And lifting up their eyes, they saw no one, save Jesus only. 9 And as they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen from the dead. 10 And his disciples asked him, saying, Why then say the scribes that Elijah must first come? 11 And he answered and said, Elijah indeed cometh, and shall restore all things: 12 but I say unto you, that Elijah is come already, and they knew him not, but did unto him whatsoever they would. Even so shall the Son of man also suffer of them. 13 Then understood the disciples that he spake unto them of John the Baptist. 14 And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a man, kneeling to him, saying, 15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is epileptic, and suffereth grievously; for oft-times he falleth into the fire, and off-times into the water. 16 And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him. 17 And Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I bear with you? bring him hither to me. 18 And Jesus rebuked him; and the demon went out of him: and the boy was cured from that hour. 19 Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not we cast it out? 20 And he saith unto them, Because of your little faith: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you. 21 [But this kind goeth not out save by prayer and fasting.] 22 And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be delivered up into the hands of men; 23 and they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised up. And they were exceeding sorry. 24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received the half-shekel came to Peter, and said, Doth not your teacher pay the half-shekel? 25 He saith, Yea. And when he came into the house, Jesus spake first to him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? the kings of the earth, from whom do they receive toll or tribute? from their sons, or from strangers? 26 And when he said, From strangers, Jesus said unto him, Therefore the sons are free. 27 But, lest we cause them to stumble, go thou to the sea, and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a shekel: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.

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; Acts 7:43Acts 7:43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

43 And ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, And the star of the god Rephan, The figures which ye made to worship them: And I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

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, Babylon describes the ancient Babylonian empire.

In verses like Rev. 14:8; 16:19; 17:5; 18:2, 10, 21Rev. 14:8; 16:19; 17:5; 18:2, 10, 21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 And another, a second angel, followed, saying, Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, that hath made all the nations to drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. 19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and Babylon the great was remembered in the sight of God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 5 and upon her forehead a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 2 And he cried with a mighty voice, saying, Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, and is become a habitation of demons, and a hold of every unclean spirit, and a hold of every unclean and hateful bird. 10 standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! for in one hour is thy judgment come. 21 And a strong angel took up a stone as it were a great millstone and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with a mighty fall shall Babylon, the great city, be cast down, and shall be found no more at all.

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Babylon pictures “the center and the embodiment of the anti-Christian world power” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:189). John also referred to “Babylon” to contrast it with the “new Jerusalem.”

Rushdoony, in this commentary on Revelation (p. 178), said: “Babylon has a key significance in Scripture’s typology. It represents all attempts by man, since the tower of Babel, to erect a world paradise without God, to establish human unity on the principle of revolt against God by men who try to be as God. Babylon is man’s attempt to give to himself everything which God plans to give the redeemed man, but to deny God in the process and revoke His sovereignty.”

Mar
2015

“Baal”

Found just once in the New Testament (Rom. 11:4Rom. 11:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.

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), the name “Baal” described a pagan Canaanite deity (the female counterpart to Baal was Asherath).

This false god is first mentioned in Num. 24:1Num. 24:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 1 And when Balaam saw that it pleased Jehovah to bless Israel, he went not, as at the other times, to meet with enchantments, but he set his face toward the wilderness.

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and it is associated with the Israelites on multiple occasions, one of which involved Elijah and Mount Carmel.

Although many have literally and figuratively “bowed the kneel to Baal” at times (Rom. 11:4Rom. 11:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.

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), Paul said God has always had His “faithful remnant.”

Mar
2015

The Greek word “apsuchos”

Found just once in the New Testament (1 Cor. 14:71 Cor. 14:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Even things without life, giving a voice, whether pipe or harp, if they give not a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?

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), the Greek adjective “apsuchos” meant “without life.”

As discussed in this author’s commentary on 1 Cor. 14:71 Cor. 14:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Even things without life, giving a voice, whether pipe or harp, if they give not a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?

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, this adjective is a compound word based on the Greek word for “life” (psuche) and the “alpha privative.”

Outside the New Testament this term sometimes described “the statues of gods.” Paul used this word to describe “lifeless” musical instruments.

Mar
2015

The Greek word “apsinthos”

Found just once in the New Testament (Rev. 8:11Rev. 8:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 and the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

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), the Greek noun “apsinthos” meant “wormwood.” There is an actual “wormwood plant,” but John used this word to describe sorrow and catastrophe in Rev. 8:11Rev. 8:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 and the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

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. Here he spoke of a “star” which “fell on a third of the waters” and “poisoned a third of the lakes and rivers.”

There are various interpretations for this word, and the one accepted by this author is that “wormwood” describes false doctrine throughout the Christian era.

God wants humanity to partake of the “pure water of life” (Rev. 21:6; 22:1, 17Rev. 21:6; 22:1, 17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And he said unto me, They are come to pass. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. 22 1 And he showed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb, 17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And he that heareth, let him say, Come. And he that is athirst, let him come: he that will, let him take the water of life freely.

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) versus the doctrines and commandments of men (Mt. 15:8-9Mt. 15:8-9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 This people honoreth me with their lips; But their heart is far from me. 9 But in vain do they worship me, Teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men.

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), but some choose “wormwood” (false teachings) which will lead them to hell, the greatest and most painful bitterness of all.

Mar
2015

The Greek word “apseudes”

Found just once in the New Testament (Tit. 1:2Tit. 1:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 in hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before times eternal;

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), the Greek adjective “apseudes” means “truthful” or “free from falsehood.” Paul used this term to say God is truthful—completely free from falsehood. It is literally impossible for God to lie.

Mar
2015

The Greek word “achuron”

Found just twice in the New Testament (Mt. 3:12Mt. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing-floor; and he will gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

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; Lk. 3:17Lk. 3:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 whose fan is in his hand, thoroughly to cleanse his threshing-floor, and to gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

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), the Greek noun “achuron” meant “husks” or “chaff.” These broken up stalks were used for making bricks (Ex. 5:7Ex. 5:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves.

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) and also served as fuel for fires. In Mt. 3:12Mt. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing-floor; and he will gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

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and Lk. 3:17Lk. 3:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 whose fan is in his hand, thoroughly to cleanse his threshing-floor, and to gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

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this word describes the unsaved who will be “burned” (i.e. perish eternally in hell).

Mar
2015

The Greek word “achri”

Found 45 times in the New Testament, and used as both a preposition and conjunction, the Greek word “achri” meant “until,” “within,” “unto,” “as far as,” “as long as,” etc.

When used as a preposition, this term is typically associated with time (for examples of this see Mt. 24:38Mt. 24:38
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark,

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; Lk. 1:20; 17:27Lk. 1:20; 17:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And behold, thou shalt be silent and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall come to pass, because thou believedst not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season. 27 They ate, they drank, they married, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.

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; Acts 2:29; 23:1; 26:22Acts 2:29; 23:1; 26:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 Brethren, I may say unto you freely of the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us unto this day. 23 1 And Paul, looking stedfastly on the council, said, Brethren, I have lived before God in all good conscience until this day. 22 Having therefore obtained the help that is from God, I stand unto this day testifying both to small and great, saying nothing but what the prophets and Moses did say should come;

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; 2 Cor. 3:142 Cor. 3:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 but their minds were hardened: for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil remaineth, it not being revealed to them that it is done away in Christ.

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). When used as a conjunction, this term “is sometimes connected with the relative οὗ: until the time when, where” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:186) something takes place. For examples of this see Acts 7:18; 27:33Acts 7:18; 27:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 till there arose another king over Egypt, who knew not Joseph. 33 And while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to take some food, saying, This day is the fourteenth day that ye wait and continue fasting, having taken nothing.

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; Rom. 11:25Rom. 11:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, lest ye be wise in your own conceits, that a hardening in part hath befallen Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in;

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; 1 Cor. 11:26; 15:251 Cor. 11:26; 15:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink the cup, ye proclaim the Lord's death till he come. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all his enemies under his feet.

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, etc. In a few places this term refers to “spatial distance” (ibid and compare Heb. 4:12Heb. 4:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 For the word of God is living, and active, and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing even to the dividing of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and quick to discern the thoughts and intents of the heart.

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; Rev. 14:20; 18:5Rev. 14:20; 18:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And the winepress are trodden without the city, and there came out blood from the winepress, even unto the bridles of the horses, as far as a thousand and six hundred furlongs. 5 for her sins have reached even unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.

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). This word can also be used to describe geographical locations as illustrated by Acts 13:6; 28:15Acts 13:6; 28:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And when they had gone through the whole island unto Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar-jesus; 15 And from thence the brethren, when they heard of us, came to meet us as far as The Market of Appius and The Three Taverns; whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage.

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) and persons (2 Cor. 10:13-142 Cor. 10:13-14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 But we will not glory beyond our measure, but according to the measure of the province which God apportioned to us as a measure, to reach even unto you. 14 For we stretch not ourselves overmuch, as though we reached not unto you: for we came even as far as unto you in the gospel of Christ:

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).