May
2015

The Greek word “basanistes”

Found just once in the New Testament (Mt. 18:34Mt. 18:34
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due.

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), the Greek noun “basanistes” meant “jailer,” “tormentor,” “torturer.” Jesus spoke about a debtor being delivered to a “tormentor.”

In the first century the Jews and Romans did not have “tormentors.” They did, however, have jailers who might torture their prisoners. In the case described by Jesus, a jailer might torture a debtor about his financial assets.

May
2015

The Greek word “basanismos”

Similar to the Greek verb “basanizo,” the Greek noun “basanismos” meant “torture” or “torment.”

This noun is found only in the book of Revelation (Rev. 9:5; 14:11; 18:7, 10, 15Rev. 9:5; 14:11; 18:7, 10, 15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And it was given them that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when it striketh a man. 11 and the smoke of their torment goeth up for ever and ever; and they have no rest day and night, they that worship the beast and his image, and whoso receiveth the mark of his name. 7 How much soever she glorified herself, and waxed wanton, so much give her of torment and mourning: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall in no wise see mourning. 10 standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! for in one hour is thy judgment come. 15 The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning;

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), and it is used in both an active and passive sense.

May
2015

The Greek word “basanizo”

Found most often in the final book of the New Testament (Rev. 9:5; 11:10; 12:2; 14:10; 20:10Rev. 9:5; 11:10; 12:2; 14:10; 20:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And it was given them that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when it striketh a man. 10 And they that dwell on the earth rejoice over them, and make merry; and they shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwell on the earth. 2 and she was with child; and she crieth out, travailing in birth, and in pain to be delivered. 10 he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is prepared unmixed in the cup of his anger; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: 10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are also the beast and the false prophet; and they shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

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) but also used in Mt. 8:6, 29; 14:24Mt. 8:6, 29; 14:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 and saying, Lord, my servant lieth in the house sick of the palsy, grievously tormented. 29 And behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time? 24 But the boat was now in the midst of the sea, distressed by the waves; for the wind was contrary.

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; Mk. 5:7; 6:48Mk. 5:7; 6:48
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 and crying out with a loud voice, he saith, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the Most High God? I adjure thee by God, torment me not. 48 And seeing them distressed in rowing, for the wind was contrary unto them, about the fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking on the sea; and he would have passed by them:

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; Lk. 8:28Lk. 8:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 And when he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the Most High God? I beseech thee, torment me not.

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; 2 Pet. 2:82 Pet. 2:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 (for that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their lawless deeds):

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, the Greek verb “basanizo” meant “torture” or “examine by torture.”

This term is used to describe the “torment” of sickness (Mt. 8:6Mt. 8:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 and saying, Lord, my servant lieth in the house sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.

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) as well as the torture inflicted by demons (Mt. 8:29Mt. 8:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 And behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?

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). In Mk. 6:48Mk. 6:48
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

48 And seeing them distressed in rowing, for the wind was contrary unto them, about the fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking on the sea; and he would have passed by them:

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this word describes “harassment” from wind and waves. Righteous Lot was “tormented” by the evil he saw (2 Pet. 2:82 Pet. 2:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 (for that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their lawless deeds):

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). John used this verb to describe labor pains in Rev. 12:2Rev. 12:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 and she was with child; and she crieth out, travailing in birth, and in pain to be delivered.

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.

May
2015

The Greek word “barutimos”

Found just once in the New Testament (Mt. 26:7Mt. 26:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 there came unto him a woman having an alabaster cruse of exceeding precious ointment, and she poured it upon his head, as he sat at meat.

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), the Greek adjective “barutimos” meant “very precious,” “very expensive,” “of great price.” Jesus was anointed by a “very expensive” ointment. The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (1:200) said the “meaning of the word is similar to that of the expressions ‘very dear’ and ‘sumptuous.’”

May
2015

The Greek word “barus”

Found six times in the New Testament (Mt. 23:4, 23Mt. 23:4, 23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Yea, they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger. 23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye tithe mint and anise and cummin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law, justice, and mercy, and faith: but these ye ought to have done, and not to have left the other undone.

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; Acts 20:29; 25:7Acts 20:29; 25:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 I know that after my departing grievous wolves shall enter in among you, not sparing the flock; 7 And when he was come, the Jews that had come down from Jerusalem stood round about him, bringing against him many and grievous charges which they could not prove;

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; 2 Cor. 10:10; 12 Cor. 10:10; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For, His letters, they say, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account. The Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in the whole of Achaia: 2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort; 4 who comforteth us in all our affliction, that we may be able to comfort them that are in any affliction, through the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God. 5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound unto us, even so our comfort also aboundeth through Christ. 6 But whether we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; or whether we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which worketh in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: 7 and our hope for you is stedfast; knowing that, as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so also are ye of the comfort. 8 For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning our affliction which befell us in Asia, that we were weighed down exceedingly, beyond our power, insomuch that we despaired even of life: 9 yea, we ourselves have had the sentence of death within ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead: 10 who delivered us out of so great a death, and will deliver: on whom we have set our hope that he will also still deliver us; 11 ye also helping together on our behalf by your supplication; that, for the gift bestowed upon us by means of many, thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf. 12 For our glorifying is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in holiness and sincerity of God, not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God, we behaved ourselves in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward. 13 For we write no other things unto you, than what ye read or even acknowledge, and I hope ye will acknowledge unto the end: 14 as also ye did acknowledge us in part, that we are your glorying, even as ye also are ours, in the day of our Lord Jesus. 15 And in this confidence I was minded to come first unto you, that ye might have a second benefit; 16 and by you to pass into Macedonia, and again from Macedonia to come unto you, and of you to be set forward on my journey unto Judaea. 17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I show fickleness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be the yea yea and the nay nay? 18 But as God is faithful, our word toward you is not yea and nay. 19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timothy, was not yea and nay, but in him is yea. 20 For how many soever be the promises of God, in him is the yea: wherefore also through him is the Amen, unto the glory of God through us. 21 Now he that establisheth us with you in Christ, and anointed us, is God; 22 who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. 23 But I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I forbare to come unto Corinth. 24 Not that we have lordship over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for in faith ye stand fast.

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Jn. 5:3Jn. 5:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 In these lay a multitude of them that were sick, blind, halt, withered, [waiting for the moving of the water.

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), the Greek adjective “barus” meant “important,” “burdensome, “grievous,” “heavy.”

Scribes and Pharisees wanted to impose “heavy” burdens on people (Mt. 23:4Mt. 23:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Yea, they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger.

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) and were guilty of failing to consider the “weightier” (more important) matters of the law (Mt. 23:23Mt. 23:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye tithe mint and anise and cummin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law, justice, and mercy, and faith: but these ye ought to have done, and not to have left the other undone.

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), such as justice, mercy and faith. In Acts 20:29Acts 20:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 I know that after my departing grievous wolves shall enter in among you, not sparing the flock;

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this adjective refers to “grievous” (fierce or savage) false teachers (Dictionary of New Testament Theology, 1:261). Some “weighty” (serious) charges were made against Paul (Acts 25:7Acts 25:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 And when he was come, the Jews that had come down from Jerusalem stood round about him, bringing against him many and grievous charges which they could not prove;

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). Some of the Corinthians sneered at Paul’s “weighty” letters (2 Cor. 10:102 Cor. 10:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For, His letters, they say, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.

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). God’s commandments are not “burdensome” (difficult to carry out), 1 Jn. 5:31 Jn. 5:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

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.

May
2015

The Greek word “baruno”

Found just once in some of our manuscripts for Lk. 21:34Lk. 21:34
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

34 But take heed to yourselves, lest haply your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day come on you suddenly as a snare:

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, the Greek verb “baruno” meant “burden,” “dull,” “weigh down,” “grieve.” Jesus warned of being “weighed down” with the worries and cares of this life, as well as things like “drunkenness.”

Misplaced priorities and sinful activity can literally “dull” (weigh down) a person and thus negatively affect them in this life as well as eternity.

May
2015

Bartimaios

Mentioned only once in the New Testament (Mk. 10:46Mk. 10:46
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

46 And they come to Jericho: and as he went out from Jericho, with his disciples and a great multitude, the son of Timaeus, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the way side.

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), “Bartimaios” was a blind beggar who was healed by Jesus. According to Mk. 10:46Mk. 10:46
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

46 And they come to Jericho: and as he went out from Jericho, with his disciples and a great multitude, the son of Timaeus, Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the way side.

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, this man’s name meant “son of Timaeus.”

May
2015

Barsabbas

In the New Testament the name “Barsabbas” is found only in the book of Acts (see Acts 1:23; 15:22Acts 1:23; 15:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. 22 Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men out of their company, and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren:

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) and it is applied to two different men.

There is the “Barsabbas” (Joseph) who was put forth as a replacement for Judas (Acts 1:23Acts 1:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.

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). The second man associated with his name was chosen, along with Silas, to go with Paul to Antioch (Acts 15:22Acts 15:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men out of their company, and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren:

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).

May
2015

The Greek word “baros”

Found just six times in the New Testament (Mt. 20:12Mt. 20:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 saying, These last have spent but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.

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; Acts 15:28Acts 15:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things:

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; 2 Cor. 4:172 Cor. 4:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 For our light affliction, which is for the moment, worketh for us more and more exceedingly an eternal weight of glory;

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; Gal. 6:2Gal. 6:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.

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; 1 Thess. 2:61 Thess. 2:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 nor seeking glory of men, neither from you nor from others, when we might have claimed authority as apostles of Christ.

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; Rev. 2:24Rev. 2:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 But to you I say, to the rest that are in Thyatira, as many as have not this teaching, who know not the deep things of Satan, as they are wont to say; I cast upon you none other burden.

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), the Greek noun “baros” meant “burden,” “weight,” “burdensome.”

In Mt. 20:12Mt. 20:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 saying, These last have spent but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.

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this word describes the “burden of daily toil” (Brown, 1:261). In Acts 15:28Acts 15:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things:

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this term describes “the burden of legal requirements” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:199). In 2 Cor. 4:172 Cor. 4:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 For our light affliction, which is for the moment, worketh for us more and more exceedingly an eternal weight of glory;

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this noun is used to help form a contrast involving suffering.

Thayer (p. 96) said Paul used this term in Gal. 6:2Gal. 6:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.

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to describe “troublesome moral faults.”  In 1 Thess. 2:61 Thess. 2:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 nor seeking glory of men, neither from you nor from others, when we might have claimed authority as apostles of Christ.

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the thought is:  “to have authority and influence” (ibid).

May
2015

Barnabas

Mentioned twenty-three times in the book of Acts, plus a few other times in the New Testament (1 Cor. 9:61 Cor. 9:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 Or I only and Barnabas, have we not a right to forbear working?

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; Gal. 2:1, 9, 13Gal. 2:1, 9, 13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 1 Then after the space of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me. 9 and when they perceived the grace that was given unto me, James and Cephas and John, they who were reputed to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship, that we should go unto the Gentiles, and they unto the circumcision; 13 And the rest of the Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that even Barnabas was carried away with their dissimulation.

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; Col. 4:10Col. 4:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Aristarchus my fellow-prisoner saluteth you, and Mark, the cousin of Barnabas ,

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), “Barnabas” accompanied Paul on his first missionary journey. This man was a Levite from Cyprus and his name meant “son of exhortation” (Acts 4:36Acts 4:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 And Joseph, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas , a Levite, a man of Cyprus by race,

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, ASV).