Mar
2017

The Greek word “diati”

Found more than twenty-five times in the New Testament, the Greek adverb diati” meant “why” or “wherefore.”  Pharisees asked “why” the Lord ate with sinners (Mt. 9:11Mt. 9:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Teacher with the publicans and sinners?

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).  Disciples of John the Baptist asked “why” the Lord’s disciples did not fast like others (Mt. 9:14Mt. 9:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Then come to him the disciples of John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast oft, but thy disciples fast not?

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).  Jesus was asked “why” He spoke in parables (Mt. 13:10Mt. 13:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?

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).  Pharisees asked “why” Jesus’ disciples did not follow the traditions of the elders (Mt. 15:2Mt. 15:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

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).  Ananias was asked “why” Satan had filled his heart to lie to the Holy Spirit (Acts 5:3Acts 5:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thy heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the land?

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).  Even an angel asked a “why” question (Rev. 17:7Rev. 17:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didst thou wonder? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and the ten horns.

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).

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diatereo”

Limited to Lk. 2:51Lk. 2:51
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth; and he was subject unto them: and his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.

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and Acts 15:29Acts 15:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 that ye abstain from things sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication; from which if ye keep yourselves, it shall be well with you. Fare ye well.

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, the Greek verb “diatereo” meant “keep,” “preserve,” “guard.”  Mary “kept” some information about Jesus in her heart (Lk. 2:51Lk. 2:51
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth; and he was subject unto them: and his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.

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).  “The reference is probably not to ‘all of the words’ that were remembered (so BAGD s.v.), but to ‘all of the events’; cf. 2:19” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:314).  “Keep oneself from” is the meaning in Acts 15:29Acts 15:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 that ye abstain from things sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication; from which if ye keep yourselves, it shall be well with you. Fare ye well.

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.

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diateleo”

Limited to Acts 27:33Acts 27:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

33 And while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to take some food, saying, This day is the fourteenth day that ye wait and continue fasting, having taken nothing.

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, the Greek verb “diateleo” meant “remain” or “continue.”  Paul noted how passengers on a ship had “continued without food” for two weeks.

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diatasso”

Used sixteen times in the New Testament (Mt. 11:1Mt. 11:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 1 And it came to pass when Jesus had finished commanding his twelve disciples, he departed thence to teach and preach in their cities.

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; Lk. 3:13; 8:55; 17:9-10Lk. 3:13; 8:55; 17:9-10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And he said unto them, Extort no more than that which is appointed you. 55 And her spirit returned, and she rose up immediately: and he commanded that something be given her to eat. 9 Doth he thank the servant because he did the things that were commanded? 10 Even so ye also, when ye shall have done all the things that are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants; we have done that which it was our duty to do.

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; Acts 17:44; 18:2; 20:13; 23:31; 24:23Acts 17:44; 18:2; 20:13; 23:31; 24:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And he found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome: and he came unto them; 13 But we going before to the ship set sail for Assos, there intending to take in Paul: for so had he appointed, intending himself to go by land. 31 So the soldiers, as it was commanded them, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris. 23 And he gave order to the centurion that he should be kept in charge, and should have indulgence; and not to forbid any of his friends to minister unto him.

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; 1 Cor. 7:17; 9:14; 11:34; 16:11 Cor. 7:17; 9:14; 11:34; 16:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Only, as the Lord hath distributed to each man, as God hath called each, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all the churches. 14 Even so did the Lord ordain that they that proclaim the gospel should live of the gospel. 34 If any man is hungry, let him eat at home; that your coming together be not unto judgment. And the rest will I set in order whensoever I come. 16 1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I gave order to the churches of Galatia, so also do ye.

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; Gal. 3:19Gal. 3:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 What then is the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise hath been made; and it was ordained through angels by the hand of a mediator.

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; Tit. 1:5Tit. 1:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that were wanting, and appoint elders in every city, as I gave thee charge;

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), the Greek verb “diatasso” meant “appoint,” “command,” “give orders.”

We can do all God has “commanded” us to do, but we are still unprofitable servants (Lk. 17:10Lk. 17:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Even so ye also, when ye shall have done all the things that are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants; we have done that which it was our duty to do.

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).  Rulers sometimes give “commands” (Acts 18:2Acts 18:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And he found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome: and he came unto them;

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) and people—some of whom are soldiers—accept the commands (Acts 23:31Acts 23:31
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

31 So the soldiers, as it was commanded them, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris.

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).  Paul spoke of information “ordained” for all churches (congregations), 1 Cor. 7:171 Cor. 7:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Only, as the Lord hath distributed to each man, as God hath called each, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all the churches.

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.

This verb is used in Paul’s discussion about paying preachers (1 Cor. 9:141 Cor. 9:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Even so did the Lord ordain that they that proclaim the gospel should live of the gospel.

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).  Paul also told the Corinthians he would “set in order” what was amiss when he came to Corinth (1 Cor. 11:341 Cor. 11:34
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

34 If any man is hungry, let him eat at home; that your coming together be not unto judgment. And the rest will I set in order whensoever I come.

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).  This verb is translated “I have given order” in 1 Cor. 16:11 Cor. 16:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I gave order to the churches of Galatia, so also do ye.

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.  Paul said he had “appointed” Titus to set things in order and establish elderships on the island of Crete (Tit. 1:5Tit. 1:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that were wanting, and appoint elders in every city, as I gave thee charge;

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).

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diatarasso”

Limited to Lk. 1:29Lk. 1:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this might be.

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, the Greek verb “diatarasso” meant “agitate” perplexed,” “greatly troubled.”  When Mary was given a favorable greeting by the angel Gabriel, she was “greatly troubled” (perplexed).

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diatagma”

Limited to Heb. 11:23Heb. 11:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was a goodly child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.

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, the Greek noun “diatagma” meant “command,” “decree,” “edict.”  Pharaoh gave an “edict” to kill all the male babies.

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diatage”

Limited to Acts 7:53Acts 7:53
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

53 ye who received the law as it was ordained by angels, and kept it not.

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and Rom. 13:2Rom. 13:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.

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, the Greek noun “diatage” meant “ordinance,” “direction,” “disposition.”

Israel received the law by “directions of angels (i.e., by God’s directing angels [to transmit it]), Acts 7:53Acts 7:53
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

53 ye who received the law as it was ordained by angels, and kept it not.

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” (BDAG, p. 189).  In Rom. 13:2Rom. 13:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.

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this word helps remind us civil government is God’s idea.

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diasozo”

Limited to Mt. 14:36Mt. 14:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 and they besought him that they might only touch the border of his garment: and as many as touched were made whole.

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; Lk. 7:3Lk. 7:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 And when he heard concerning Jesus, he sent unto him elders of the Jews, asking him that he would come and save his servant.

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; Acts 23:24; 27:43-44; 28:1, 4Acts 23:24; 27:43-44; 28:1, 4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 and he bade them provide beasts, that they might set Paul thereon, and bring him safe unto Felix the governor. 43 But the centurion, desiring to save Paul, stayed them from their purpose; and commanded that they who could swim should cast themselves overboard, and get first to the land; 44 and the rest, some on planks, and some on other things from the ship. And so it came to pass, that they all escaped safe to the land. 28 1 And when we were escaped, then we knew that the island was called Melita.

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; 1 Pet. 3:201 Pet. 3:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 that aforetime were disobedient, when the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water:

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and mainly used by Luke, the Greek verb “diasozo” meant “escape from,” “save,” “heal,” “recover.”

In Mt. 14:36Mt. 14:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 and they besought him that they might only touch the border of his garment: and as many as touched were made whole.

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and Lk. 7:3Lk. 7:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 And when he heard concerning Jesus, he sent unto him elders of the Jews, asking him that he would come and save his servant.

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, this verb describes “recovering” from an illness.  Acts 23:24Acts 23:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 and he bade them provide beasts, that they might set Paul thereon, and bring him safe unto Felix the governor.

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uses this verb to describe “safe” passage, and Acts 27:44Acts 27:44
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

44 and the rest, some on planks, and some on other things from the ship. And so it came to pass, that they all escaped safe to the land.

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refers to “safe arrival” on land.  Those in Noah’s day were “rescued” or “preserved” from the flood (1 Pet. 3:201 Pet. 3:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 that aforetime were disobedient, when the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water:

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) by water, an event which pointed forward to baptism (1 Pet. 3:211 Pet. 3:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 which also after a true likeness doth now save you, even baptism, not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the interrogation of a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ;

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).

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diastrepho”

Limited to Mt. 17:17Mt. 17:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I bear with you? bring him hither to me.

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; Lk. 9:41; 23:2Lk. 9:41; 23:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 And Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and bear with you? bring hither thy son. 2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ a king.

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; Acts 13:8, 10; 20:30Acts 13:8, 10; 20:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 But Elymas the sorcerer withstood them, seeking to turn aside the proconsul from the faith. 10 and said, O full of all guile and all villany, thou son of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord? 30 and from among your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them.

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; Phil. 2:15Phil. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 that ye may become blameless and harmless, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom ye are seen as lights in the world,

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, the Greek verb “diastrepho” meant “perverse,” “pervert,” “seduce,” “turn away,” “corrupt.”

Jesus said His generation was “perverse” (Mt. 17:17Mt. 17:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I bear with you? bring him hither to me.

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; Lk. 9:41Lk. 9:41
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 And Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and bear with you? bring hither thy son.

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).  Shortly before being crucified, Jesus was accused of “perverting” (misleading) the Jewish nation (Lk. 23:2Lk. 23:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ a king.

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).  Some leaders teach “perverse” things to gain disciples (Acts 20:30Acts 20:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 and from among your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them.

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).   The right ways of the Lord may be “perverted” by men (Acts 13:10Acts 13:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 and said, O full of all guile and all villany, thou son of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?

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).  Non-Christians may attempt to “turn away” (lead astray) others from learning the gospel (Acts 13:8Acts 13:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 But Elymas the sorcerer withstood them, seeking to turn aside the proconsul from the faith.

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).  Christians often live in a “perverse” environment (Phil. 2:15Phil. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 that ye may become blameless and harmless, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom ye are seen as lights in the world,

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).

Mar
2017

The Greek word “diastole”

Limited to Rom. 3:22; 10:12Rom. 3:22; 10:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction; 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him:

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; 1 Cor. 14:71 Cor. 14:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Even things without life, giving a voice, whether pipe or harp, if they give not a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?

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, the Greek noun “diastole” meant “difference” or “distinction.”  Paul is the only New Testament writer to use this term, and in Rom. 3:22Rom. 3:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction;

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and 10:12 he affirmed there is “no distinction” between Jews and Gentiles.  Both Jew and Gentile are guilty of sin (Rom. 3:22Rom. 3:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction;

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), and both have access to salvation through Christ (Rom. 10:12Rom. 10:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him:

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).  When writing to the Corinthians (1 Cor. 14:71 Cor. 14:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Even things without life, giving a voice, whether pipe or harp, if they give not a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?

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), Paul used this term to affirm there is a “distinction” between musical instruments.