Apr
2015

Barak

Mentioned only once in the New Testament (Heb. 11:32Heb. 11:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

32 And what shall I more say? for the time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah; of David and Samuel and the prophets:

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), “Barak” was “a hero of Israel after the time of the Conquest (Judg 4:6Judg 4:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, Hath not Jehovah, the God of Israel, commanded, saying, Go and draw unto mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

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ff.), who, like Gideon, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel, and the prophets, acted ‘by faith’: Heb. 11:32Heb. 11:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

32 And what shall I more say? for the time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah; of David and Samuel and the prophets:

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” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:197).

Apr
2015

Barabbas

Found only in the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, “Barabbas” was a “notable prisoner” (Mt. 27:16Mt. 27:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.

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) who had been confined with others (Mk. 15:7Mk. 15:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 And there was one called Barabbas, lying bound with them that had made insurrection, men who in the insurrection had committed murder.

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).  In Jn. 18:40Jn. 18:40
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

40 They cried out therefore again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

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he is described as a “robber.”  Mark’s account (15:7) mentions murder plus an “insurrection.”

There was a “custom” to release a prisoner (Jn. 18:39Jn. 18:39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

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) and Pilate asked the people if they wanted Jesus or Barabbas to be freed (Mt. 27:17Mt. 27:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 When therefore they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?

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). Chief priests and elders persuaded the people to ask for Barabbas to be released and for Jesus to be destroyed (Mt. 27:20Mt. 27:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.

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).  Pilate complied with this request (Mt. 27:26Mt. 27:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 Then released he unto them Barabbas; but Jesus he scourged and delivered to be crucified.

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) to placate the people (Mk. 15:15Mk. 15:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 And Pilate, wishing to content the multitude, released unto them Barabbas, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.

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).

Apr
2015

Βαριωνᾶ

Found only in Mt. 16:17Mt. 16:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-jonah: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father who is in heaven.

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, “Bariona” was the surname of the apostle Peter.  Many translations say “son of Jonah” or something similar in this verse, but it is possible due to a variation in our manuscripts, to find “son of John” in this text.

A manuscript variation is also found in Jn. 1:42; 21:15-17Jn. 1:42; 21:15-17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

42 He brought him unto Jesus. Jesus looked upon him, and said, Thou art Simon the son of John: thou shalt be called Cephas . 15 So when they had broken their fast, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of John, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. 16 He saith to him again a second time, Simon, son of John, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Tend my sheep. 17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of John, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

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where Simon is again described as “son of,” but in these verses several English versions read “son of John” instead of “son of Jonah” or “son of Barjona” (KJV).

 

Apr
2015

The Greek word “bapto”

Found only in Lk. 16:24Lk. 16:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am in anguish in this flame.

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; Jn. 13:26Jn. 13:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 Jesus therefore answereth, He it is, for whom I shall dip the sop, and give it him. So when he had dipped the sop, he taketh and giveth it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.

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; Rev. 19:13Rev. 19:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And he is arrayed in a garment sprinkled with blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

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, the Greek verb “bapto” meant “immerse” or “dip.”

A rich man wanted Lazarus’ finger to be “dipped” in water as this would help “cool his tongue” (Lk. 16:24Lk. 16:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am in anguish in this flame.

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). This verb is also associated with the final Passover Jesus celebrated with the apostles (Jn. 13:26Jn. 13:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 Jesus therefore answereth, He it is, for whom I shall dip the sop, and give it him. So when he had dipped the sop, he taketh and giveth it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.

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). John (Rev. 19:13Rev. 19:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And he is arrayed in a garment sprinkled with blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

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, KJV, NKJV, NIV, NASB, RSV) described Jesus as wearing a garment “dipped” in blood (it seems this symbolizes the blood of His enemies due to the word “war” in Rev. 19:11Rev. 19:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 And I saw the heaven opened; and behold, a white horse, and he that sat thereon called Faithful and True; and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

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).

Apr
2015

Baptistes

Found only in Mt. 3:1; 11:11-12; 14:2, 8; 16:14; 17:13Mt. 3:1; 11:11-12; 14:2, 8; 16:14; 17:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 1 And in those days cometh John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, saying, 11 Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not arisen a greater than John the Baptist: yet he that is but little in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. 12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and men of violence take it by force. 2 and said unto his servants, This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead; and therefore do these powers work in him. 14 And they said, Some say John the Baptist; some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets. 13 Then understood the disciples that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.

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; Mk. 6:24-25; 8:28Mk. 6:24-25; 8:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 And she went out, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptizer. 25 And she came in straightway with haste unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that thou forthwith give me on a platter the head of John the Baptist. 28 And they told him, saying, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but others, One of the prophets.

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; Lk. 7:20, 28, 33; 9:19Lk. 7:20, 28, 33; 9:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And when the men were come unto him, they said, John the Baptist hath sent us unto thee, saying, Art thou he that cometh, or look we for another? 28 I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there is none greater than John: yet he that is but little in the kingdom of God is greater than he. 33 For John the Baptist is come eating no bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a demon. 19 And they answering said, John the Baptist; but others say, Elijah; and others, that one of the old prophets is risen again.

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, “Baptistes” was a surname for John the Baptist. This surname denoted “one who baptized” and may have originated with John. The book of John has a great emphasis on John the Baptist, but this surname is never used in this account of Jesus’ life.

In commenting on this surname the Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (1:196) said: “as the Baptist he is not merely a witness to baptism, who stands by and watches as others immerse themselves; nor is he a ‘preacher of virtue’ (so Josephus; cf. Menoud), but is instead the authoritative proclaimer of judgment and repentance (Matt 3:1Matt 3:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 1 And in those days cometh John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, saying,

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), who immerses others and gives them instructions on how to conduct themselves (Luke 3:10-14Luke 3:10-14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 And the multitudes asked him, saying, What then must we do? 11 And he answered and said unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath food, let him do likewise. 12 And there came also publicans to be baptized, and they said unto him, Teacher, what must we do? 13 And he said unto them, Extort no more than that which is appointed you. 14 And soldiers also asked him, saying, And we, what must we do? And he said unto them, Extort from no man by violence, neither accuse any one wrongfully; and be content with your wages.

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).”

Apr
2015

The Greek word “baptismos”

Found only in Mk. 7:4, 8Mk. 7:4, 8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 and when they come from the market-place, except they bathe themselves, they eat not; and many other things there are, which they have received to hold, washings of cups, and pots, and brasen vessels.) 8 Ye leave the commandment of God, and hold fast the tradition of men.

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; Col. 2:12Col. 2:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 having been buried with him in baptism, wherein ye were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead.

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(some manuscripts); Heb. 6:2; 9:10Heb. 6:2; 9:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 of the teaching of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. 10  being only carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

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, the Greek noun “baptismos” meant “cleansing” or “washing.” Mark used this term to describe “Jewish washings.”

In the abridged volume of the Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (p. 94) this definition is given:

“Immersion” or “baptism”; baptismós denotes only the act, báptisma (not found outside the NT)
the institution. baptismoí in Mk. 7:4Mk. 7:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 and when they come from the market-place, except they bathe themselves, they eat not; and many other things there are, which they have received to hold, washings of cups, and pots, and brasen vessels.)

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are Levitical purifications and in Heb. 6:2Heb. 6:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 of the teaching of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.

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all kinds of lustrations.

Apr
2015

The Greek word “baptisma”

Found more than twenty times in the New Testament, the Greek noun “baptisma” meant “baptism.”

This term is used to say Pharisees and Sadducees came to John’s “baptism” (Mt. 3:7Mt. 3:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said unto them, Ye offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

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). Jesus asked His disciples if they could experience the “baptism” He was going to experience (Mk. 10:39Mk. 10:39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 And they said unto him, We are able. And Jesus said unto them, The cup that I drink ye shall drink; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal shall ye be baptized:

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). Jesus asked if John’s “baptism” was from (i.e. authorized by) heaven (God) or man (Mt. 21:25Mt. 21:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven or from men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why then did ye not believe him?

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; Mk. 11:30Mk. 11:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men? answer me.

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). The “baptisms” performed by John the Baptist were for the forgiveness of sins (Mk. 1:4Mk. 1:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 John came, who baptized in the wilderness and preached the baptism of repentance unto remission of sins.

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). Those who become Christians submit to “baptism” as this allows them to share in the likeness of Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection (Rom. 6:4Rom. 6:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 We were buried therefore with him through baptism unto death: that like as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life.

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). Prior to the time Paul wrote the book of Ephesians there were multiple “baptisms.” By the time he wrote Ephesians, only one “baptism” was available (Eph. 4:5Eph. 4:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism,

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). Paul described this “one baptism” in Col. 2:12Col. 2:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 having been buried with him in baptism, wherein ye were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead.

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and Peter described it in 1 Pet. 3:211 Pet. 3:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 which also after a true likeness doth now save you, even baptism, not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the interrogation of a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ;

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.

Apr
2015

The Greek word “baptizo”

Found numerous times in the New Testament, especially in the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John and Acts, the Greek verb “baptizo” meant “dip,” immerse,” submerge,” “plunge.”

Matthew (3:6) noted how people were “baptized” in the Jordan River. This baptism (immersion) involved water, but “baptism” (immersion) is also associated with the Holy Spirit and even fire (Mt. 3:11Mt. 3:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire:

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). People were “baptized” in remote areas (Mk. 1:4Mk. 1:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 John came, who baptized in the wilderness and preached the baptism of repentance unto remission of sins.

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). The word “baptism” is associated with “much water” in Jn. 3:23Jn. 3:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 And John also was baptizing in Enon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.

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; the actions of sprinkling or pouring water cannot be reconciled with the “immersion” associated with the word baptism.

Luke used this term several times in the book of Acts. He noted how those who “gladly received the word” were “baptized” (Acts 2:41Acts 2:41
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 They then that received his word were baptized: and there were added unto them in that day about three thousand souls.

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). Baptism is also associated with the forgiveness of sins (Acts 2:38Acts 2:38
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

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). We read of “households” being baptized (Acts 16:15Acts 16:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.

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), but there is no reference to infants ever being baptized. People were sometimes asked about their baptism (Acts 19:3Acts 19:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 And he said, Into what then were ye baptized? And they said, Into John's baptism.

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) and those who had not received the “one baptism” described by Paul (Eph. 4:5Eph. 4:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism,

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) were properly immersed (Acts 19:5Acts 19:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And when they heard this, they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.

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). People were asked why they waited to be baptized (Acts 22:16Acts 22:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on his name.

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) and some were baptized at very inconvenient times (Acts 16:25Acts 16:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 But about midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns unto God, and the prisoners were listening to them;

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+ Acts 16:33Acts 16:33
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

33 And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, immediately.

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). The Scriptures also say “baptism” is the act that puts people “into Christ” (Gal. 3:27Gal. 3:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ did put on Christ.

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).

Apr
2015

The Greek word “ballo”

Found numerous times in the New Testament, especially in the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John and Revelation, the Greek verb “ballo” meant “throw,” “cast,” “lay,” “propel,” “cast oneself down.”

In the abridged edition of Kittel (pp. 91-92) we find this succinct definition:

Transitive “to throw, propel,” “cast oneself down”; b. “to lay down,” “pour in,” “lay up (in the heart)”; c. intransitive “to cast oneself on,” “sink into (sleep).” We find the sense “to throw” in the NT in Mt. 4:18Mt. 4:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 And walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brethren, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishers.

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etc.; “to cast off” fruit in Rev. 6:13Rev. 6:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 and the stars of the heaven fell unto the earth, as a fig tree casteth her unripe figs when she is shaken of a great wind.

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. In connection with judgment we find “to cast” into the fire (Mt. 3:10Mt. 3:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 And even now the axe lieth at the root of the trees: every tree therefore that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

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) or hell (Mt. 5:29Mt. 5:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 And if thy right eye causeth thee to stumble, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not thy whole body be cast into hell.

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) and “to throw out” (Mt. 5:13Mt. 5:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost its savor, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out and trodden under foot of men.

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). “To throw off,” i.e., that which causes sin, is the sense in Mt. 18:9Mt. 18:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 And if thine eye causeth thee to stumble, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is good for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into the hell of fire.

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. In Mt. 8:6Mt. 8:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 and saying, Lord, my servant lieth in the house sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.

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we find the passive for “to lie” (the sick servant). Other NT senses are “to put in,” as wine in wineskins (Mk. 2:22Mk. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 And no man putteth new wine into old wineskins; else the wine will burst the skins, and the wine perisheth, and the skins: but they put new wine into fresh wine-skins.

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); the finger in the ears (Jn. 20:25Jn. 20:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe.

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); a thought in the heart (Jn. 13:2Jn. 13:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And during supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him,

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). There is an intransitive use in Acts 27:4Acts 27:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And putting to sea from thence, we sailed under the lee of Cyprus, because the winds were contrary.

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.

Apr
2015

The Greek word “ballantion”

Found only in Lk. 10:4; 12:33; 22:35-36Lk. 10:4; 12:33; 22:35-36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Carry no purse, no wallet, no shoes; and salute no man on the way. 33 Sell that which ye have, and give alms; make for yourselves purses which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief draweth near, neither moth destroyeth. 35 And he said unto them, When I sent you forth without purse, and wallet, and shoes, lacked ye anything? And they said, Nothing. 36 And he said unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet; and he that hath none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a sword.

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, and sometimes spelled “balantion,” the Greek noun “ballantion” meant “moneybag” or “purse.”

Jesus did not want His servants such as the apostles to rely on things like earthly wealth when it came to their ministry. Today the saved still need to trust in God rather than the things of this earth.