Jun
2015

The Greek word “bebelos”

Found only in 1 Tim. 1:9; 4:7; 6:201 Tim. 1:9; 4:7; 6:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and unruly, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 7 but refuse profane and old wives' fables. And exercise thyself unto godliness: 20 O Timothy, guard that which is committed unto thee, turning away from the profane babblings and oppositions of the knowledge which is falsely so called;

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; 2 Tim. 2:162 Tim. 2:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 But shun profane babblings: for they will proceed further in ungodliness,

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; Heb. 12:16Heb. 12:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 lest there be any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright.

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, the Greek adjective “bebelos” meant “profane” or “worldly.”

Paul used this word to say there is “profane” or “empty talk” (1 Tim. 4:7; 6:201 Tim. 4:7; 6:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 but refuse profane and old wives' fables. And exercise thyself unto godliness: 20 O Timothy, guard that which is committed unto thee, turning away from the profane babblings and oppositions of the knowledge which is falsely so called;

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; 2 Tim. 2:162 Tim. 2:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 But shun profane babblings: for they will proceed further in ungodliness,

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). This word is also associated with those deeply involved with sin (1 Tim. 1:91 Tim. 1:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and unruly, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,

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; Heb. 12:16Heb. 12:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 lest there be any fornication, or profane person, as Esau, who for one mess of meat sold his own birthright.

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).

Jun
2015

The Greek word “bebaiosis”

Found just twice in the New Testament (Phil. 1:7Phil. 1:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 even as it is right for me to be thus minded on behalf of you all, because I have you in my heart, inasmuch as, both in my bonds and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers with me of grace.

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; Heb. 6:16Heb. 6:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 For men swear by the greater: and in every dispute of theirs the oath is final for confirmation.

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), the Greek noun “bebaiosis” meant “guarantee” or “confirmation.” Paul “guaranteed” or “confirmed” the truth of the gospel (Phil. 1:7Phil. 1:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 even as it is right for me to be thus minded on behalf of you all, because I have you in my heart, inasmuch as, both in my bonds and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers with me of grace.

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). In Heb. 6:16Heb. 6:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 For men swear by the greater: and in every dispute of theirs the oath is final for confirmation.

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this word means “to produce confidence” (Thayer, p. 100). We might also define it as, “an oath serves as confirmation” (Danker, p. 138).

Jun
2015

The Greek word “bebaioo”

Found only in Mk. 16:20Mk. 16:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And they went forth, and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word by the signs that followed. Amen.

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; Rom. 15:8Rom. 15:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises given unto the fathers,

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; 1 Cor. 1:6, 81 Cor. 1:6, 8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you: 8 who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye be unreproveable in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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; 2 Cor. 1:212 Cor. 1:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 Now he that establisheth us with you in Christ, and anointed us, is God;

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; Col. 2:7Col. 2:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 rooted and builded up in him, and established in your faith, even as ye were taught, abounding in thanksgiving.

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; Heb. 2:3; 13:9Heb. 2:3; 13:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 how shall we escape, if we neglect so great a salvation? which having at the first been spoken through the Lord, was confirmed unto us by them that heard; 9 Be not carried away by divers and strange teachings: for it is good that the heart be established by grace; not by meats, wherein they that occupied themselves were not profited.

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, the Greek verb “bebaioo” meant “guarantee,” “confirm,” “establish.”

The apostles “confirmed” the word they preached by supernatural signs (Mk. 16:20Mk. 16:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And they went forth, and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word by the signs that followed. Amen.

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and compare Heb. 2:3Heb. 2:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 how shall we escape, if we neglect so great a salvation? which having at the first been spoken through the Lord, was confirmed unto us by them that heard;

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).

In Rom. 15:8Rom. 15:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises given unto the fathers,

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, Paul said Jesus “confirmed” the promises made to the fathers. In 1 Cor. 1:81 Cor. 1:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye be unreproveable in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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and Heb. 13:9Heb. 13:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 Be not carried away by divers and strange teachings: for it is good that the heart be established by grace; not by meats, wherein they that occupied themselves were not profited.

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, this word means the saved are “made steadfast and constant in soul” (Thayer, p. 99, and compare 2 Cor. 1:212 Cor. 1:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 Now he that establisheth us with you in Christ, and anointed us, is God;

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plus Col. 2:7Col. 2:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 rooted and builded up in him, and established in your faith, even as ye were taught, abounding in thanksgiving.

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).

Jun
2015

The Greek word “bebaios”

Found only in Rom. 4:16Rom. 4:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace; to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all

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; 2 Cor. 1:72 Cor. 1:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 and our hope for you is stedfast; knowing that, as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so also are ye of the comfort.

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; Heb. 2:2; 3:6, 14; 6:19; 9:17Heb. 2:2; 3:6, 14; 6:19; 9:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 For if the word spoken through angels proved stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward; 6 but Christ as a son, over his house; whose house are we, if we hold fast our boldness and the glorying of our hope firm unto the end. 14 for we are become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our confidence firm unto the end: 19 which we have as an anchor of the soul, a hope both sure and stedfast and entering into that which is within the veil; 17 For a testament is of force where there hath been death: for it doth never avail while he that made it liveth.

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; 2 Pet. 1:10, 192 Pet. 1:10, 19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Wherefore, brethren, give the more diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never stumble: 19 And we have the word of prophecy made more sure; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts:

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, the Greek adjective “bebaios” meant “steadfast,” “reliable,” “secure,” “firm,” etc.

Spicq (1:280) said “This firmness-solidity implies immutability when the topic is a promise, an institution, or the word of God.”

Jun
2015

The Greek word “bdelussomai”

Found just twice in the New Testament (Rom. 2:22Rom. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou rob temples?

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; Rev. 21:8Rev. 21:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 But for the fearful, and unbelieving, and abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, their part shall be in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone; which is the second death.

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), the Greek verb “bdelussomai” meant “abhor,” “abominable,” “detest,” “loathe.”

In Rom. 2:22Rom. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou rob temples?

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, this term “refers to paganism” (Kittel, abridged edition, p. 103). “Pagan abomination are obviously at issue in Rev. 17:4-5; 21:8, 27Rev. 17:4-5; 21:8, 27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stone and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations, even the unclean things of her fornication, 5 and upon her forehead a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 8 But for the fearful, and unbelieving, and abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, their part shall be in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone; which is the second death.

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” (ibid).

Jun
2015

The Greek word “bdeluktos”

Found just once in the New Testament (Tit. 1:16Tit. 1:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 They profess that they know God; but by their works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

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), the Greek adjective “bdeluktos” meant “abominable,” “detestable,” “horrid,” or what “provoked disgust.”

Paul spoke of some who professed to know God but denied Him by their “abominable” behavior.

Jun
2015

The Greek word “bdelugma”

Found only in Mt. 24:15Mt. 24:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 When therefore ye see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place ,

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; Mk. 13:14Mk. 13:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 But when ye see the abomination of desolation standing where he ought not , then let them that are in Judaea flee unto the mountains:

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; Lk. 16:15Lk. 16:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 And he said unto them, Ye are they that justify yourselves in the sight of men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is exalted among men is an abomination in the sight of God.

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; Rev. 17:4-5; 21:27Rev. 17:4-5; 21:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stone and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations, even the unclean things of her fornication, 5 and upon her forehead a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 27 and there shall in no wise enter into it anything unclean, or he that maketh an abomination and a lie: but only they that are written in the Lamb's book of life.

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, the Greek noun “bdelugma” meant “abomination.”

When describing the Roman attack on Jerusalem in A.D. 70, Jesus referred to it as the “abomination of desolation” (Mt. 24:15Mt. 24:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 When therefore ye see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place ,

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; Mk. 13:14Mk. 13:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 But when ye see the abomination of desolation standing where he ought not , then let them that are in Judaea flee unto the mountains:

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).

Man can do “abominable” deeds in the sight of God (Rev. 17:4-5; 21:27Rev. 17:4-5; 21:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stone and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations, even the unclean things of her fornication, 5 and upon her forehead a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 27 and there shall in no wise enter into it anything unclean, or he that maketh an abomination and a lie: but only they that are written in the Lamb's book of life.

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).

What is highly esteemed among men may be an “abomination” to God (Lk. 16:15Lk. 16:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 And he said unto them, Ye are they that justify yourselves in the sight of men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is exalted among men is an abomination in the sight of God.

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).

Jun
2015

The Greek word battologeo

Found only in Mt. 6:7Mt. 6:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 And in praying use not vain repetitions, as the Gentiles do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.

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, the Greek verb “battologeo” meant “babble” or “use vain repetitions.”

Jesus warned His disciples against “babbling like the Gentiles” when they prayed. “It is not the length of the prayer in terms of time that is denounced, because Jesus spent the whole nights in prayer and tarried in prayer (Luke 6:12; 22:14Luke 6:12; 22:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 And it came to pass in these days, that he went out into the mountain to pray; and he continued all night in prayer to God. 14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the apostles with him.

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) and His church persevered in prayer (Acts 1:14; 12:5Acts 1:14; 12:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 These all with one accord continued stedfastly in prayer, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren. 5 Peter therefore was kept in the prison: but prayer was made earnestly of the church unto God for him.

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; 1 Tim. 5:51 Tim. 5:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, hath her hope set on God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

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; etc.), but abuse and redundancy and canned formulas, in which the cry of the heart becomes mere words” (Spicq, 1:278).

Jun
2015

What does the Greek word batrachos mean?

Found only in Rev. 16:13Rev. 16:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, as it were frogs:

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, the Greek noun “batrachos” meant “frogs.”

According to Rev. 16:14Rev. 16:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 for they are spirits of demons, working signs; which go forth unto the kings of the whole world, to gather them together unto the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.

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, these “frogs” stand for “spirits of demons, working signs; which go forth unto the kings of the whole world, to gather them together unto the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.”

Jun
2015

What does the Greek word batos (masculine gender) mean?

When used in the feminine gender, the Greek word “batos” describes a shrub or thorn-bush as discussed in the preceding study.

When used in the masculine gender, this “loanword from Hebrew” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:209) means “bath,” a liquid measure equivalent to approximately 22 liters, about 6 gallons, or one-tenth of a homer. The only occurrence of “batos” in the masculine gender is Lk. 16:6Lk. 16:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And he said, A hundred measures of oil. And he said unto him, Take thy bond, and sit down quickly and write fifty.

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.