Found numerous times in the New Testament and used in every book but Philippians, First and Second Thessalonians, Second Timothy, Philemon, Hebrews, Second Peter, and First-Third John, the Greek noun “aner” described males. In some places this term has the added sense of a husband or bridegroom.
Joseph is identified as the “husband” of Mary (Mt. 1:16). Jesus spoke of a “wise man” (Mt. 7:24) as well as a “foolish man” (Mt. 7:26). Seven “men” (males) were selected to fill the need described in Acts 6:3. Paul addressed the “men” of Athens (Acts 17:22). Men (males) are not to have covered heads (1 Cor. 11:4, 7). Rather than have ladies take on a worship role in mixed assemblies, men (males) are to do things like preach and pray (1 Tim. 2:8, 12). Paul confirmed this point in 1 Cor. 14:35, a place where aner is also used. A male is to be the “husband of his wife” (Eph. 5:23). “Husbands” are to love their wives (Eph. 5:25). Wives are to be in subjection to their “husbands” (1 Pet. 3:1).