May
2015

The Greek word “barus”

Found six times in the New Testament (Mt. 23:4, 23Mt. 23:4, 23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Yea, they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger. 23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye tithe mint and anise and cummin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law, justice, and mercy, and faith: but these ye ought to have done, and not to have left the other undone.

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; Acts 20:29; 25:7Acts 20:29; 25:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 I know that after my departing grievous wolves shall enter in among you, not sparing the flock; 7 And when he was come, the Jews that had come down from Jerusalem stood round about him, bringing against him many and grievous charges which they could not prove;

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; 2 Cor. 10:10; 12 Cor. 10:10; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For, His letters, they say, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account. The Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in the whole of Achaia: 2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort; 4 who comforteth us in all our affliction, that we may be able to comfort them that are in any affliction, through the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God. 5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound unto us, even so our comfort also aboundeth through Christ. 6 But whether we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; or whether we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which worketh in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: 7 and our hope for you is stedfast; knowing that, as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so also are ye of the comfort. 8 For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning our affliction which befell us in Asia, that we were weighed down exceedingly, beyond our power, insomuch that we despaired even of life: 9 yea, we ourselves have had the sentence of death within ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead: 10 who delivered us out of so great a death, and will deliver: on whom we have set our hope that he will also still deliver us; 11 ye also helping together on our behalf by your supplication; that, for the gift bestowed upon us by means of many, thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf. 12 For our glorifying is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in holiness and sincerity of God, not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God, we behaved ourselves in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward. 13 For we write no other things unto you, than what ye read or even acknowledge, and I hope ye will acknowledge unto the end: 14 as also ye did acknowledge us in part, that we are your glorying, even as ye also are ours, in the day of our Lord Jesus. 15 And in this confidence I was minded to come first unto you, that ye might have a second benefit; 16 and by you to pass into Macedonia, and again from Macedonia to come unto you, and of you to be set forward on my journey unto Judaea. 17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I show fickleness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be the yea yea and the nay nay? 18 But as God is faithful, our word toward you is not yea and nay. 19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timothy, was not yea and nay, but in him is yea. 20 For how many soever be the promises of God, in him is the yea: wherefore also through him is the Amen, unto the glory of God through us. 21 Now he that establisheth us with you in Christ, and anointed us, is God; 22 who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. 23 But I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I forbare to come unto Corinth. 24 Not that we have lordship over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for in faith ye stand fast.

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Jn. 5:3Jn. 5:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 In these lay a multitude of them that were sick, blind, halt, withered, [waiting for the moving of the water.

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), the Greek adjective “barus” meant “important,” “burdensome, “grievous,” “heavy.”

Scribes and Pharisees wanted to impose “heavy” burdens on people (Mt. 23:4Mt. 23:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Yea, they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with their finger.

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) and were guilty of failing to consider the “weightier” (more important) matters of the law (Mt. 23:23Mt. 23:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye tithe mint and anise and cummin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law, justice, and mercy, and faith: but these ye ought to have done, and not to have left the other undone.

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), such as justice, mercy and faith. In Acts 20:29Acts 20:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 I know that after my departing grievous wolves shall enter in among you, not sparing the flock;

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this adjective refers to “grievous” (fierce or savage) false teachers (Dictionary of New Testament Theology, 1:261). Some “weighty” (serious) charges were made against Paul (Acts 25:7Acts 25:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 And when he was come, the Jews that had come down from Jerusalem stood round about him, bringing against him many and grievous charges which they could not prove;

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). Some of the Corinthians sneered at Paul’s “weighty” letters (2 Cor. 10:102 Cor. 10:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For, His letters, they say, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.

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). God’s commandments are not “burdensome” (difficult to carry out), 1 Jn. 5:31 Jn. 5:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

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.