Nov
2017

The Greek word “ἔα”

Limited to Mk. 1:24Mk. 1:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus thou Nazarene? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.

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(some manuscripts) and Lk. 4:34Lk. 4:34
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

34 Ah! what have we to do with thee, Jesus thou Nazarene? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.

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, “ea” is an expression of great surprise.  Demons were astonished to meet up with Jesus.  They wanted to know if the Lord had come to “destroy” them.

Nov
2017

The Greek word “Δῶρον”

Found mainly in Matthew (2:11; 5:23-24; 8:4; 15:5; 23:18-19) and the book of Hebrews (5:1; 8:3-4; 9:9; 11:4), but also used in Mk. 7:11Mk. 7:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 but ye say, If a man shall say to his father or his mother, That wherewith thou mightest have been profited by me is Corban, that is to say, Given to God;

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; Lk. 21:1Lk. 21:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men that were casting their gifts into the treasury.

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; Eph. 2:8Eph. 2:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 for by grace have ye been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;

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; Rev. 11:10Rev. 11:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 And they that dwell on the earth rejoice over them, and make merry; and they shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwell on the earth.

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, the Greek noun “doron” meant “gift.”

Matthew said “gifts” were presented to Jesus when the Lord was a “young child” in Bethlehem (Mt. 2:8-11Mt. 2:8-11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search out exactly concerning the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word, that I also may come and worship him. 9 And they, having heard the king, went their way; and lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was. 10 And when they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. 11 And they came into the house and saw the young child with Mary his mother; and they fell down and worshipped him; and opening their treasures they offered unto him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh.

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).  This term is used in the “Sermon on the Mount” (Mt. 5:23-24Mt. 5:23-24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 If therefore thou art offering thy gift at the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee, 24 leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.

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).  Moses (Mt. 8:4Mt. 8:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And Jesus saith unto him, See thou tell no man; but go, show thyself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.

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) had taught about “gifts.”  Some have used “gifts” in an improper manner (Mk. 7:11Mk. 7:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 but ye say, If a man shall say to his father or his mother, That wherewith thou mightest have been profited by me is Corban, that is to say, Given to God;

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).  Luke (21:1) said “gifts” were given to the temple treasury.  For those who are in Christ (2 Tim. 2:102 Tim. 2:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sake, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.

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), salvation is a “gift of God” (Eph. 2:8Eph. 2:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 for by grace have ye been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;

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). Wicked people may exchange “gifts” with one another (Rev. 11:10Rev. 11:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 And they that dwell on the earth rejoice over them, and make merry; and they shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwell on the earth.

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).

Nov
2017

The Greek word “Δώρημα”

Limited to Rom. 5:16Rom. 5:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And not as through one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment came of one unto condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses unto justification.

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and Jas. 1:17Jas. 1:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom can be no variation, neither shadow that is cast by turning.

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, the Greek noun “dorema” described a gift or present freely bestowed on someone.

Every perfect “gift” is from above (Jas. 1:17Jas. 1:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom can be no variation, neither shadow that is cast by turning.

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).  For Rom. 5:16Rom. 5:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And not as through one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment came of one unto condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses unto justification.

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,  “the gift (of grace) is not like the effects of one man’s sin” (BDAG, p. 210).

Nov
2017

The Greek word “Δωρέομαι”

Limited to Mk. 15:45Mk. 15:45
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

45 And when he learned it of the centurion, he granted the corpse to Joseph.

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; 2 Pet. 1:3-42 Pet. 1:3-4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 seeing that his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue; 4 whereby he hath granted unto us his precious and exceeding great promises; that through these ye may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in that world by lust.

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, the Greek verb “doreomai” meant “bestow,” “give,” “present.”

Pilate “gave” (granted) Jesus’ body to Joseph (Mk. 15:45Mk. 15:45
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

45 And when he learned it of the centurion, he granted the corpse to Joseph.

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).  God has “given” to us all pertaining to life and godliness (2 Pet. 1:32 Pet. 1:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 seeing that his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue;

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).

Nov
2017

The Greek word “Δωρεάν”

Limited to Mt. 10:8Mt. 10:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons: freely ye received, freely give.

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; Jn. 15:25Jn. 15:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 But this cometh to pass, that the word may be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

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; Rom. 3:24Rom. 3:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

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; 2 Cor. 11:72 Cor. 11:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Or did I commit a sin in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I preached to you the gospel of God for nought?

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; Gal. 2:21Gal. 2:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 I do not make void the grace of God: for if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died for nought.

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; 2 Thess. 3:82 Thess. 3:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 neither did we eat bread for nought at any man's hand, but in labor and travail, working night and day, that we might not burden any of you:

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; Rev. 21:6; 22:17Rev. 21:6; 22:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And he said unto me, They are come to pass. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. 17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And he that heareth, let him say, Come. And he that is athirst, let him come: he that will, let him take the water of life freely.

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, the Greek adverb “dorean” meant “without reason,” “freely,” “without payment,” “undeserved,” “without cause.”

God’s people need to “freely” give because they have freely received (Mt. 10:8Mt. 10:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons: freely ye received, freely give.

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).  Jesus said He was hated “without cause” (Jn. 15:25Jn. 15:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 But this cometh to pass, that the word may be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

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—this hatred was undeserved).  Justification comes “freely” by God’s grace (Rom. 3:24Rom. 3:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

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).

Oct
2017

The Greek word “Δωρεά”

Limited to Jn. 4:10Jn. 4:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

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; Acts 2:38; 8:20; 10:45; 11:17Acts 2:38; 8:20; 10:45; 11:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 20 But Peter said unto him, Thy silver perish with thee, because thou hast thought to obtain the gift of God with money. 45 And they of the circumcision that believed were amazed, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Spirit. 17 If then God gave unto them the like gift as he did also unto us, when we believed on the Lord Jesus Christ, who was I, that I could withstand God?

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; Rom. 5:15, 17Rom. 5:15, 17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 But not as the trespass, so also is the free gift. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, even Jesus Christ.

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; 2 Cor. 9:152 Cor. 9:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 Thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift.

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; Eph. 3:7; 4:7Eph. 3:7; 4:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of that grace of God which was given me according to the working of his power. 7 But unto each one of us was the grace given according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

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; Heb. 6:4Heb. 6:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 For as touching those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit,

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, the Greek noun “dorea” meant “gift” or “bounty.”

Jesus and the blessings through Him are “gifts” to humanity (Rom. 5:15, 17Rom. 5:15, 17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 But not as the trespass, so also is the free gift. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, even Jesus Christ.

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).  The Lord spoke to a Samaritan woman about the “gift of God” (Jn. 4:10Jn. 4:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

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).  After being instructed on how to become a Christian, Peter promised forgiveness of sins and the “gift” of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38Acts 2:38
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

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) to those who obeyed the gospel.  Later Peter said the “gift of God” could not be bought (Acts 8:20Acts 8:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 But Peter said unto him, Thy silver perish with thee, because thou hast thought to obtain the gift of God with money.

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).

Oct
2017

The Greek word “Δῶμα”

Limited to Mt. 10:27; 24:17Mt. 10:27; 24:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 What I tell you in the darkness, speak ye in the light; and what ye hear in the ear, proclaim upon the house-tops. 17 let him that is on the housetop not go down to take out things that are in his house:

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; Mk. 13:15Mk. 13:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 and let him that is on the housetop not go down, nor enter in, to take anything out his house:

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; Lk. 5:19; 12:3; 17:31Lk. 5:19; 12:3; 17:31
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 And not finding by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went up to the housetop, and let him down through the tiles with his couch into the midst before Jesus. 3 Wherefore whatsoever ye have said in the darkness shall be heard in the light; and what ye have spoken in the ear in the inner chambers shall be proclaimed upon the housetops. 31 In that day, he that shall be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away: and let him that is in the field likewise not return back.

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; Acts 10:9Acts 10:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 Now on the morrow, as they were on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray, about the sixth hour:

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, the Greek noun “doma” meant “roof” or “housetop.”

In ancient times, the “roof” area of a house was used for many functions.  These activities including mourning (Jer. 48:38Jer. 48:38
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 On all the housetops of Moab and in the streets thereof there is lamentation every where; for I have broken Moab like a vessel wherein none delighteth, saith Jehovah.

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), private worship or devotion (Acts 10:9Acts 10:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 Now on the morrow, as they were on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray, about the sixth hour:

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), and meetings (1 Sam. 9:251 Sam. 9:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 And when they were come down from the high place into the city, he communed with Saul upon the housetop.

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).  These activities were possible because roofs were generally flat.  The Old Testament (Deut. 22:8Deut. 22:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thy house, if any man fall from thence.

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) specifically spoke about having a guardrail to protect people in these areas.

Oct
2017

The Greek word “Δωδεκάφυλον”

Limited to Acts 26:7Acts 26:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 unto which promise our twelve tribes, earnestly serving God night and day, hope to attain. And concerning this hope I am accused by the Jews, O king!

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, the Greek noun “dodekaphulon” meant “twelve tribes.”

The Dictionary of New Testament Theology (2:695) noted how the “thought of the twelve tribes as the people of God is still alive in the NT, not only as historical reminiscence (Acts 7:8Acts 7:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob the twelve patriarchs.

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), but also when Paul, before Agrippa, counts himself as a member of the twelve tries” (Acts 26:7Acts 26:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 unto which promise our twelve tribes, earnestly serving God night and day, hope to attain. And concerning this hope I am accused by the Jews, O king!

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).

Oct
2017

The Greek word “Δωδέκατος”

Limited to Rev. 21:20Rev. 21:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst.

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, the number “dodekatos” meant “twelfth.”

Oct
2017

The Greek word “Δώδεκα”

Found primarily in the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and Revelation, and used 75 times in the New Testament, the number “dodeka” meant “twelve” or “the twelve.”  Normally this term describes Jesus special disciples (Mt. 10:1; 20:17Mt. 10:1; 20:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 1 And he called unto him his twelve disciples, and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of disease and all manner of sickness. 17 And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples apart, and on the way he said unto them,

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; Mk. 14:43Mk. 14:43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

43 And straightway, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.

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), but it can also describe the “twelve tribes” (Acts 26:7Acts 26:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 unto which promise our twelve tribes, earnestly serving God night and day, hope to attain. And concerning this hope I am accused by the Jews, O king!

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).  In some places this word is a round number for a dozen (see Mt. 26:53Mt. 26:53
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

53 Or thinkest thou that I cannot beseech my Father, and he shall even now send me more than twelve legions of angels?

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; Lk. 8:42-43Lk. 8:42-43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

42 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying. But as he went the multitudes thronged him. 43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, who had spent all her living upon physicians, and could not be healed of any,

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).