Aug
2017

The Greek word “dokimion”

Limited to Jas. 1:3Jas. 1:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 Knowing that the proving of your faith worketh patience.

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and 1 Pet. 1:71 Pet. 1:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold that perisheth though it is proved by fire, may be found unto praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ:

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, the Greek noun “dokimion” meant “testing,” “genuineness,” “sterling quality.”  In commenting on Jas. 1:3Jas. 1:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 Knowing that the proving of your faith worketh patience.

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Spicq (1:360) said “faith that has been put to the test is purified, strengthened, verified, and on this account has become precious.  In 1 Pet 1:71 Pet 1:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold that perisheth though it is proved by fire, may be found unto praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ:

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, the neuter adjective used as a noun also shows the proven character of faith; when it has proved itself, it is worthy of praise; its worth is recognized after examination.”

Aug
2017

The Greek word “dokime”

Limited to Rom. 5:4Rom. 5:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:

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; 2 Cor. 2:9; 8:2; 9:13; 13:32 Cor. 2:9; 8:2; 9:13; 13:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye are obedient in all things. 2 how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality. 13 seeing that through the proving of you by this ministration they glorify God for the obedience of your confession unto the gospel of Christ, and for the liberality of your contribution unto them and unto all; 3 seeing that ye seek a proof of Christ that speaketh in me; who to you-ward is not weak, but is powerful in you:

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; Phil. 2:22Phil. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 But ye know the proof of him, that, as a child serveth a father, so he served with me in furtherance of the gospel.

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, the Greek noun “dokime” meant “approved character,” “proof,” “test,” “trial,” “ordeal.”  This term is limited to Paul’s writings.

“In an active sense, the testing of the Macedonian churches through multiple afflictions gives them abundant joy (2 Cor. 8:22 Cor. 8:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

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).  The Corinthians seek proof that Christ is speaking through St. Paul (13:3); they could verify his apostolic authenticity by the manifestations of power in their community, a proof that the Lord would approve.  The other texts have a passive sense:  ‘proven character’ (Rom. 5:4Rom. 5:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:

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), a quality of one who has been put to the test (2 Cor. 2:92 Cor. 2:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye are obedient in all things.

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; Phil. 2:22Phil. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 But ye know the proof of him, that, as a child serveth a father, so he served with me in furtherance of the gospel.

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), proof (2 Cor. 9:132 Cor. 9:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 seeing that through the proving of you by this ministration they glorify God for the obedience of your confession unto the gospel of Christ, and for the liberality of your contribution unto them and unto all;

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)” (Spicq, 1:360).

Aug
2017

The Greek word “dokimasia”

Limited to Heb. 3:9Heb. 3:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 Where your fathers tried me by proving me, And saw my works forty years.

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, the Greek noun “dokimasia” meant “proving,” “examination,” “act of testing.”  Some of the Israelites “tested” God while in the wilderness and this displeased Him (Heb. 4:10Heb. 4:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For he that is entered into his rest hath himself also rested from his works, as God did from his.

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).

Jul
2017

The Greek word “dokimazo”

Found more than twenty times in the New Testament, the Greek verb “dokimazo” meant “test,” “examine,” “prove.”  This term describes a type of test which separates the good from the bad (think of purging dross from metal and compare Isa. 1:22-25Isa. 1:22-25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water. 23 Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves; every one loveth bribes, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them. 24 Therefore saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies; 25 and I will turn my hand upon thee, and thoroughly purge away thy dross, and will take away all thy tin;

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).  What endures the testing or purging is approved or accepted, and the opposite of adokimos (see how this term is used in 1 Cor. 9:271 Cor. 9:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 but I buffet my body, and bring it into bondage: lest by any means, after that I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.

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).

Passages which use dokimazo include Lk. 12:56Lk. 12:56
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

56 Ye hypocrites, ye know how to interpret the face of the earth and the heaven; but how is it that ye know not how to interpret this time?

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(this verse speaks about “discerning” the weather), Lk. 14:19Lk. 14:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them; I pray thee have me excused.

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; Rom. 2:18; 12:2Rom. 2:18; 12:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 and knowest his will, and approvest the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, 2 And be not fashioned according to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, and ye may prove what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God.

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; 1 Cor. 3:13; 11:281 Cor. 3:13; 11:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 each man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it is revealed in fire; and the fire itself shall prove each man's work of what sort it is. 28 But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup.

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; 2 Cor. 8:82 Cor. 8:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 I speak not by way of commandment, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity also of your love.

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; Gal. 6:4Gal. 6:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 But let each man prove his own work, and then shall he have his glorying in regard of himself alone, and not of his neighbor.

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; Eph. 5:10Eph. 5:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 proving what is well-pleasing unto the Lord;

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; Phil. 1:10Phil. 1:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 so that ye may approve the things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and void of offence unto the day of Christ;

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; 1 Thess. 2:4; 5:21; 11 Thess. 2:4; 5:21; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 but even as we have been approved of God to be intrusted with the gospel, so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God who proveth our hearts. 21 prove all things; hold fast that which is good; The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians 1 1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timothy, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace. 2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; 3 remembering without ceasing your work of faith and labor of love and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, before our God and Father; 4 knowing, brethren beloved of God, your election, 5 how that our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Spirit, and in much assurance; even as ye know what manner of men we showed ourselves toward you for your sake. 6 And ye became imitators of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Spirit; 7 so that ye became an ensample to all that believe in Macedonia and in Achaia. 8 For from you hath sounded forth the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place your faith to God-ward is gone forth; so that we need not to speak anything. 9 For they themselves report concerning us what manner of entering in we had unto you; and how ye turned unto God from idols, to serve a living and true God, 10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, who delivereth us from the wrath to come.

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Tim. 3:10; Heb. 3:9Heb. 3:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 Where your fathers tried me by proving me, And saw my works forty years.

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; 1 Pet. 1:7; 11 Pet. 1:7; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold that perisheth though it is proved by fire, may be found unto praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ: The First Epistle General of Peter 1 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the elect who are sojourners of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy begat us again unto a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 unto an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who by the power of God are guarded through faith unto a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a little while, if need be, ye have been put to grief in manifold trials, 7 that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold that perisheth though it is proved by fire, may be found unto praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ: 8 whom not having seen ye love; on whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice greatly with joy unspeakable and full of glory: 9 receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. 10 Concerning which salvation the prophets sought and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: 11 searching what time or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did point unto, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glories that should follow them. 12 To whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto you, did they minister these things, which now have been announced unto you through them that preached the gospel unto you by the Holy Spirit sent forth from heaven; which things angel desire to look into. 13 Wherefore girding up the loins of your mind, be sober and set your hope perfectly on the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; 14 as children of obedience, not fashioning yourselves according to your former lusts in the time of your ignorance: 15 but like as he who called you is holy, be ye yourselves also holy in all manner of living; 16 because it is written, Ye shall be holy; for I am holy. 17 And if ye call on him as Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to each man's work, pass the time of your sojourning in fear: 18 knowing that ye were redeemed, not with corruptible things, with silver or gold, from your vain manner of life handed down from your fathers; 19 but with precious blood, as of a lamb without spot, even the blood of Christ: 20 who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of times for your sake, 21 who through him are believers in God, that raised him from the dead, and gave him glory; so that your faith and hope might be in God. 22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in your obedience to the truth unto unfeigned love of the brethren, love one another from the heart fervently: 23 having been begotten again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the word of God, which liveth and abideth. 24 For, All flesh is as grass, And all the glory thereof as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower falleth: 25 But the word of the Lord abideth for ever. And this is the word of good tidings which was preached unto you.

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Jn. 4:1Jn. 4:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 1 When therefore the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John

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.

In commenting on 1 Cor. 3:131 Cor. 3:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 each man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it is revealed in fire; and the fire itself shall prove each man's work of what sort it is.

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and 2 Cor. 8:82 Cor. 8:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 I speak not by way of commandment, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity also of your love.

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, Spicq (1:356) said:  “Fire is the means of verification and control, as with precious metals:  that which is worthless is destroyed, but that which is solid and eternal remains.  It is through their generosity—and thus by concrete acts, by their behavior—that the Corinthians will verify, test, and prove their love to be genuine, of good alloy.”

This term and especially its use in 1 Thess. 2:41 Thess. 2:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 but even as we have been approved of God to be intrusted with the gospel, so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God who proveth our hearts.

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reminds us God “shows himself as the tester of human hearts” (Silva, 1:759).

Jul
2017

The Greek word “dokeo”

Found sixty two times in the New Testament and primarily used in Matthew-John, the Greek verb “dokeo” meant “suppose,” appear,” “seem,” “think.”  Passages where this word means “think” or “consider” include Lk. 10:36Lk. 10:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 Which of these three, thinkest thou, proved neighbor unto him that fell among the robbers?

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; Jn. 11:31Jn. 11:31
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

31 The Jews then who were with her in the house, and were consoling her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up quickly and went out, followed her, supposing that she was going unto the tomb to weep there.

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; Acts 27:13Acts 27:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that they had obtained their purpose, they weighed anchor and sailed along Crete, close in shore.

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; 1 Cor. 12:231 Cor. 12:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 and those parts of the body, which we think to be less honorable, upon these we bestow more abundant honor; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness;

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; Heb. 12:10Heb. 12:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For they indeed for a few days chastened us as seemed good to them; but he for our profit, that we may be partakers of his holiness.

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.  Silva (1:754) said the “use of the impersonal with the dative to indicate a decision occurs only in the Lukan writings and in two contexts” (Lk. 1:3Lk. 1:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 it seemed good to me also, having traced the course of all things accurately from the first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus;

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; Acts 15:22, 25, 28Acts 15:22, 25, 28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men out of their company, and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren: 25 it seemed good unto us, having come to one accord, to choose out men and send them unto you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, 28 For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things:

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).  The idea of “What do you think?” can be seen in verses like Mt. 17:25; 18:12; 21:28; 22:17, 42; 26:66Mt. 17:25; 18:12; 21:28; 22:17, 42; 26:66
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 He saith, Yea. And when he came into the house, Jesus spake first to him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? the kings of the earth, from whom do they receive toll or tribute? from their sons, or from strangers? 12 How think ye? if any man have a hundred sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he not leave the ninety and nine, and go unto the mountains, and seek that which goeth astray? 28 But what think ye? A man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to-day in the vineyard. 17 Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? 42 saying, What think ye of the Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David. 66 what think ye? They answered and said, He is worthy of death.

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; Jn. 11:56Jn. 11:56
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

56 They sought therefore for Jesus, and spake one with another, as they stood in the temple, What think ye? That he will not come to the feast?

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.

Jul
2017

The Greek word “dioko”

Found in many New Testament verses and often translated “persecute,” the Greek verb “dioko” can also mean “pursue,” “follow after,” “press forward.”

Texts which use this word to describe persecution include Mt. 5:10-12, 44; 10:23; 23:34Mt. 5:10-12, 44; 10:23; 23:34
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Blessed are they that have been persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11 Blessed are ye when men shall reproach you, and persecute you, and say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. 12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets that were before you. 44 but I say unto you, love your enemies, and pray for them that persecute you; 23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee into the next: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone through the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come. 34 Therefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: some of them shall ye kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city:

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; Acts 7:52; 9:4-5; 22:4, 7; 26:11, 14Acts 7:52; 9:4-5; 22:4, 7; 26:11, 14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

52 Which of the prophets did not your fathers persecute? and they killed them that showed before of the coming of the Righteous One; of whom ye have now become betrayers and murderers; 4 and he fell upon the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: 4 and I persecuted this Way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women. 7 And I fell unto the ground, and heard a voice saying unto me, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 11 And punishing them oftentimes in all the synagogues, I strove to make them blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto foreign cities. 14 And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice saying unto me in the Hebrew language, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the goad.

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; 1 Cor. 15:91 Cor. 15:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

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; 2 Cor. 4:92 Cor. 4:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 pursued, yet not forsaken; smitten down, yet not destroyed;

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; Gal. 1:13, 23Gal. 1:13, 23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 For ye have heard of my manner of life in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and made havoc of it: 23 but they only heard say, He that once persecuted us now preacheth the faith of which he once made havoc;

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; 2 Tim. 3:122 Tim. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 Yea, and all that would live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.

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; Rev. 12:13Rev. 12:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast down to the earth, he persecuted the woman that brought forth the man child.

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.

Verses where this term means something like “follow after” include Rom. 9:31Rom. 9:31
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

31 but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law.

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; 1 Cor. 14:11 Cor. 14:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 1 Follow after love; yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.

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; Phil. 3:12Phil. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 Not that I have already obtained, or am already made perfect: but I press on, if so be that I may lay hold on that for which also I was laid hold on by Christ Jesus.

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; 1 Thess. 5:15; 11 Thess. 5:15; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 See that none render unto any one evil for evil; but always follow after that which is good, one toward another, and toward all. The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians 1 1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timothy, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace. 2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; 3 remembering without ceasing your work of faith and labor of love and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, before our God and Father; 4 knowing, brethren beloved of God, your election, 5 how that our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Spirit, and in much assurance; even as ye know what manner of men we showed ourselves toward you for your sake. 6 And ye became imitators of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Spirit; 7 so that ye became an ensample to all that believe in Macedonia and in Achaia. 8 For from you hath sounded forth the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place your faith to God-ward is gone forth; so that we need not to speak anything. 9 For they themselves report concerning us what manner of entering in we had unto you; and how ye turned unto God from idols, to serve a living and true God, 10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, who delivereth us from the wrath to come.

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Tim. 6:11; 2 Tim. 2:222 Tim. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 But flee youthful lusts, and follow after righteousness, faith, love, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

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; Heb. 12:14Heb. 12:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man shall see the Lord:

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.

Jul
2017

The Greek word “dogmatizo”

Limited to Col. 2:20Col. 2:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 If ye died with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, do ye subject yourselves to ordinances,

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, the Greek verb “dogmatizo” meant “decree” or “impose regulations” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:340).  Paul used this term in a “polemic against false teachers in vv. 16-23.  Here it is used in the sense of concession” (ibid).

Jul
2017

The Greek word “dogma”

Limited to Lk. 2:1Lk. 2:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 1 Now it came to pass in those days, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled.

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; Acts 16:4; 17:7Acts 16:4; 17:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And as they went on their way through the cities, they delivered them the decrees to keep which had been ordained of the apostles and elders that were at Jerusalem. 7 whom Jason hath received: and these all act contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus.

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; Eph. 2:15Eph. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 having abolished in the flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; that he might create in himself of the two one new man, so making peace;

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; Col. 2:14Col. 2:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 having blotted out the bond written in ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us: and he hath taken it out of the way, nailing it to the cross;

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, the Greek noun “dogma” meant “ordinance,” “edict,” “statute,” “decree,” “opinion.”

A royal or imperial decree is described in Lk. 2:1Lk. 2:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 1 Now it came to pass in those days, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled.

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and Acts 17:7Acts 17:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 whom Jason hath received: and these all act contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus.

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Decisions or decrees is the meaning in Acts 16:4Acts 16:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And as they went on their way through the cities, they delivered them the decrees to keep which had been ordained of the apostles and elders that were at Jerusalem.

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. Paul used this term in Eph. 2:15Eph. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 having abolished in the flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; that he might create in himself of the two one new man, so making peace;

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to describe the individual statutes of Moses’ Law.  A similar meaning is found in Col. 2:14Col. 2:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 having blotted out the bond written in ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us: and he hath taken it out of the way, nailing it to the cross;

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.

Jul
2017

The Greek verb “dioko”

Found close to fifty times in the New Testament, the Greek verb dioko” meant “persecute,” “follow after,” “pursue.”

Passages where this word means “persecute” include Mt. 5:10-12, 44; 10:23Mt. 5:10-12, 44; 10:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Blessed are they that have been persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11 Blessed are ye when men shall reproach you, and persecute you, and say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. 12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets that were before you. 44 but I say unto you, love your enemies, and pray for them that persecute you; 23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee into the next: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone through the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.

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; Lk. 21:12Lk. 21:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 But before all these things, they shall lay their hands on you, and shall persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for my name's sake.

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; Jn. 5:16; 15:20Jn. 5:16; 15:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And for this cause the Jews persecuted Jesus, because he did these things on the sabbath. 20 Remember the word that I said unto you, A servant is not greater than his lord. If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they kept my word, they will keep yours also.

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; Acts 7:52; 9:4-5; 22:4, 7-8; 26:11, 14-15Acts 7:52; 9:4-5; 22:4, 7-8; 26:11, 14-15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

52 Which of the prophets did not your fathers persecute? and they killed them that showed before of the coming of the Righteous One; of whom ye have now become betrayers and murderers; 4 and he fell upon the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: 4 and I persecuted this Way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women. 7 And I fell unto the ground, and heard a voice saying unto me, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 8 And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest. 11 And punishing them oftentimes in all the synagogues, I strove to make them blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto foreign cities. 14 And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice saying unto me in the Hebrew language, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the goad. 15 And I said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest.

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; 1 Cor. 4:12; 15:91 Cor. 4:12; 15:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 and we toil, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure; 9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

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; Gal. 1:13, 23; 5:11Gal. 1:13, 23; 5:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 For ye have heard of my manner of life in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and made havoc of it: 23 but they only heard say, He that once persecuted us now preacheth the faith of which he once made havoc; 11 But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? then hath the stumbling-block of the cross been done away.

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; Phil. 3:6Phil. 3:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 as touching zeal, persecuting the church; as touching the righteousness which is in the law, found blameless.

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; Rev. 12:13Rev. 12:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast down to the earth, he persecuted the woman that brought forth the man child.

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Texts which mean something like follow after or pursue (often Christian values) include Rom. 9:30Rom. 9:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who followed not after righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith:

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; 1 Cor. 14:11 Cor. 14:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 1 Follow after love; yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.

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; Phil. 3:12Phil. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 Not that I have already obtained, or am already made perfect: but I press on, if so be that I may lay hold on that for which also I was laid hold on by Christ Jesus.

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; 1 Thess. 5:15; 11 Thess. 5:15; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 See that none render unto any one evil for evil; but always follow after that which is good, one toward another, and toward all. The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians 1 1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timothy, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace. 2 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; 3 remembering without ceasing your work of faith and labor of love and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, before our God and Father; 4 knowing, brethren beloved of God, your election, 5 how that our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Spirit, and in much assurance; even as ye know what manner of men we showed ourselves toward you for your sake. 6 And ye became imitators of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Spirit; 7 so that ye became an ensample to all that believe in Macedonia and in Achaia. 8 For from you hath sounded forth the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place your faith to God-ward is gone forth; so that we need not to speak anything. 9 For they themselves report concerning us what manner of entering in we had unto you; and how ye turned unto God from idols, to serve a living and true God, 10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, who delivereth us from the wrath to come.

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Tim. 6:11; 2 Tim. 2:222 Tim. 2:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 But flee youthful lusts, and follow after righteousness, faith, love, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

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; Heb. 12:14Heb. 12:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man shall see the Lord:

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Jul
2017

The Greek word “dioktes”

Limited to 1 Tim. 1:131 Tim. 1:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 though I was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: howbeit I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief;

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, the Greek noun “dioktes” meant “persecutor.”  Paul freely admitted to being a “persecutor” of Christians prior to his conversion.  Paul also acknowledged his having been a “blasphemer” and “violent man” towards Christians before becoming a member of the church.