Oct
2017

The Greek word “dunastes”

Limited to Lk. 1:52Lk. 1:52
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

52 He hath put down princes from their thrones, And hath exalted them of low degree.

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; Acts 8:27Acts 8:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 And he arose and went: and behold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was over all her treasure, who had come to Jerusalem to worship;

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; 1 Tim. 6:151 Tim. 6:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 which in its own times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;

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, the Greek noun “dunastes” meant “potentate,” “ruler,” “court official.”  For Acts 8:27Acts 8:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 And he arose and went: and behold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was over all her treasure, who had come to Jerusalem to worship;

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, it describes an Ethiopian eunuch who had “great authority” (Thayer, p. 160).

Oct
2017

The Greek word “dunamoo”

Limited to Col. 1:11Col. 1:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 strengthened with all power, according to the might of his glory, unto all patience and longsuffering with joy;

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; Heb. 11:34Heb. 11:34
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

34 quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, waxed mighty in war, turned to flight armies of aliens.

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, the Greek verb “dunamoo” meant “confirm” or “strengthen.”  The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (1:358) noted how this is “only passive” in the New Testament.

Oct
2017

The Greek word “dunamis”

Found more than a hundred times in the New Testament, the Greek noun “dunamis” meant “power,” “ability,” “force.”  This term describes the “power” of God (Mt. 22:29Mt. 22:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 But Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.

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), the “power of the Son (Mt. 24:30; 26:64Mt. 24:30; 26:64
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 and then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 64 Jesus said unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Henceforth ye shall see the Son of man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.

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), “power” from the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8Acts 1:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 But ye shall receive power, when the Holy Spirit is come upon you: and ye shall be my witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea and Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

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), and the kingdom which came during the first century (Mk. 9:1Mk. 9:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 1 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There are some here of them that stand by, who shall in no wise taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God come with power.

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).  Some are ignorant of God’s “power” (Mk. 12:24Mk. 12:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 Jesus said unto them, Is it not for this cause that ye err, that ye know not the scriptures, nor the power of God?

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).  The gospel is God’s “power” to salvation (Rom. 1:16Rom. 1:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

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).  Satan still has some “power” (2 Thess. 2:92 Thess. 2:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9  even he, whose coming is according to the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,

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).  Some “deny” the “power” of godliness (2 Tim. 3:52 Tim. 3:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 holding a form of godliness, but having denied the power therefore. From these also turn away.

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).  God’s “power” has given us all that pertains to “life and godliness” (2 Pet. 1:32 Pet. 1:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 seeing that his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue;

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).  This term is also significant in the final book of the New Testament (see Rev. 1:16; 3:8; 4:11; 5:12; 7:12; 11:17; 12:10; 13:2; 15:8; 17:13; 18:3; 19:1Rev. 1:16; 3:8; 4:11; 5:12; 7:12; 11:17; 12:10; 13:2; 15:8; 17:13; 18:3; 19:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth proceeded a sharp two-edged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. 8 I know thy works , that thou hast a little power, and didst keep my word, and didst not deny my name. 11 Worthy art thou, our Lord and our God, to receive the glory and the honor and the power: for thou didst create all things, and because of thy will they were, and were created. 12 saying with a great voice, Worthy is the Lamb that hath been slain to receive the power, and riches, and wisdom, and might and honor, and glory, and blessing. 12 saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honor, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen. 17 saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who art and who wast; because thou hast taken thy great power, and didst reign. 10 And I heard a great voice in heaven, saying, Now is come the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, who accuseth them before our God day and night. 2 And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his throne, and great authority. 8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and none was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels should be finished. 13 These have one mind, and they give their power and authority unto the beast. 3 For by the wine of the wrath of her fornication all the nations are fallen; and the kings of the earth committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth waxed rich by the power of her wantonness. 19 1 After these things I heard as it were a great voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, Hallelujah; Salvation, and glory, and power, belong to our God:

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).

Sep
2017

The Greek word “dunamai”

Found more than two hundred times in the New Testament (about two thirds of these occurrences are in Matthew-Acts), the Greek verb “dunamai” described power, capacity for something, or the power to do something.

God is “able” to raise up people from stones (Mt. 3:9Mt. 3:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 and think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

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).  Man “cannot” serve two masters (Mt. 6:24Mt. 6:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 No man can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

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).  We “cannot” be the Lord’s disciple unless we take up a cross (Lk. 14:27Lk. 14:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 Whosoever doth not bear his own cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.

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).  Until one is born of water and the spirit he or she “cannot” enter into the kingdom of God (Jn. 3:5Jn. 3:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God!

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). God is “able” to do far beyond what we can imagine (Eph. 3:20Eph. 3:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us,

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).  God “cannot” deny Himself (2 Tim. 2:132 Tim. 2:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 if we are faithless, he abideth faithful; for he cannot deny himself.

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).

Sep
2017

The Greek word “dromos”

Limited to Acts 13:25; 20:24Acts 13:25; 20:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 And as John was fulfilling his course, he said, What suppose ye that I am? I am not he. But behold, there cometh one after me the shoes of whose feet I am not worthy to unloose. 24 But I hold not my life of any account as dear unto myself, so that I may accomplish my course, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.

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; 2 Tim. 4:72 Tim. 4:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 I have fought the good fight, I have finished the course, I have kept the faith:

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, the Greek noun “dromos” meant “career” or “course” of one’s life.  John the Baptist fulfilled his “course.”  Life is, in many respects, a “course” we must successfully complete to be saved.

Sep
2017

The Greek word “drepanon”

Aside from Rev. 14:14-19Rev. 14:14-19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 And I saw, and behold, a white cloud; and on the cloud I saw one sitting like unto a son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out from the temple, crying with a great voice to him that sat on the cloud, Send forth thy sickle, and reap: for the hour to reap is come; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. 16 And he that sat on the cloud cast his sickle upon the earth; and the earth was reaped. 17 Another angel came out from the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel came out from the altar, he that hath power over fire; and he called with a great voice to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Send forth thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. 19 And the angel cast his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vintage of the earth, and cast it into the winepress, the great winepress, of the wrath of God.

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, this Greek noun is limited to Mk. 4:29Mk. 4:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 But when the fruit is ripe, straightway he putteth forth the sickle, because the harvest is come.

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.  Drepanon described a tool used for harvesting grain (Mk. 4:29Mk. 4:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 But when the fruit is ripe, straightway he putteth forth the sickle, because the harvest is come.

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) as well as grapes (Rev. 14:14-19Rev. 14:14-19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 And I saw, and behold, a white cloud; and on the cloud I saw one sitting like unto a son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out from the temple, crying with a great voice to him that sat on the cloud, Send forth thy sickle, and reap: for the hour to reap is come; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. 16 And he that sat on the cloud cast his sickle upon the earth; and the earth was reaped. 17 Another angel came out from the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. 18 And another angel came out from the altar, he that hath power over fire; and he called with a great voice to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Send forth thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. 19 And the angel cast his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vintage of the earth, and cast it into the winepress, the great winepress, of the wrath of God.

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).  Descriptions of this word include pruning hook, sickle, pruning knife, scythe, and curved sword.

Sep
2017

The Greek word “drachme”

Limited to Lk. 15:8-9Lk. 15:8-9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 Or what woman having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a lamp, and sweep the house, and seek diligently until she find it? 9 And when she hath found it, she calleth together her friends and neighbors, saying, Rejoice with me, for I have found the piece which I had lost.

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, the Greek noun “drachme” meant “drachma.”  This was a silver coin associated with the Grecian empire.  For us, the estimated monetary value of this coin would be about twenty cents.

Sep
2017

The Greek word “drassomai”

Limited to 1 Cor. 3:191 Cor. 3:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He that taketh the wise in their craftiness:

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, the Greek verb “drassomai” meant “capture,” “seize,” “take.”  This word describes how God will handle those who are wise in their own eyes.  God can and will “catch” crafty people.

Sep
2017

The Greek word “drakon”

Limited to the final book in our English Bibles and used thirteen times (Rev. 12:3-4, 7, 9, 13, 16-17; 13:2, 4, 11; 16:13; 20:2Rev. 12:3-4, 7, 9, 13, 16-17; 13:2, 4, 11; 16:13; 20:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 And there was seen another sign in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his heads seven diadems. 4 And his tail draweth the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon standeth before the woman that is about to be delivered, that when she is delivered he may devour her child. 7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels going forth to war with the dragon; and the dragon warred and his angels; 9 And the great dragon was cast down, the old serpent, he that is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world; he was cast down to the earth, and his angels were cast down with him. 13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast down to the earth, he persecuted the woman that brought forth the man child. 16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed up the river which the dragon cast out of his mouth. 17 And the dragon waxed wroth with the woman, and went away to make war with the rest of her seed, that keep the commandments of God, and hold the testimony of Jesus: 2 And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his throne, and great authority. 4 and they worshipped the dragon, because he gave his authority unto the beast; and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? And who is able to war with him? 11 And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like unto lamb, and he spake as a dragon. 13 And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, as it were frogs: 2 And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years,

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), the Greek word “drakon” meant “serpent” or “dragon.”  John used this term to describe Satan.  Perhaps this word is why Satan is sometimes viewed as a fiery creature who has a pitchfork with him.

In commenting on the periods of Classical Greek and the Old Testament era The Dictionary of New Testament Theology (1:507) said drakon “is derived from derkomai, look at, and is the animal with the bewitching, crippling look:  the dragon, snake, giant sea-snake, or serpent.  In many old myths he dragon or serpent is a picture of the primeval power of chaos.”