Dec
2017

The Greek word “ἐγγύς”

Found thirty-two times in the New Testament, the Greek adverb “engus” meant “close to” or “near.”  Jesus spoke of “summer drawing night” (Mt. 24:32).  A Passover was “at hand” (Jn. 2:13).  Bethany was “nigh” to Jerusalem (Jn. 11:18).  Jesus was crucified “nigh” to the city” (Jn. 19:20).  Gentiles were “made nigh” by the blood of Christ (Eph. 2:13).  When writing the book of Revelation, John used this term to begin and end this book (Rev. 1:3; 22:10).  John claimed the events he wrote about were “at hand” versus thousands of years later.

Dec
2017

The Greek word “ἐγγράφω”

Limited to Lk. 10:20 and 2 Cor. 3:2-3, the Greek verb “engrapho” meant “write upon,” “engrave,” “inscribe.”  Jesus spoke about names being “written” in heaven (Lk. 10:20).  Paul also used this term when writing to the Corinthians.

Nov
2017

The Greek word “ἐγγίζω”

Found more than forty times in the New Testament, the Greek verb “engizo” meant “come near,” “approach,” “bring near.”  In Mt. 3:2, the first time this term is used in the New Testament, the meaning is “at hand” (John the Baptist was speaking about the kingdom of God).  This same sense is found in Mt. 4:17 where Jesus spoke about the kingdom.  Along with describing the kingdom of God which was established in the first century (compare Mk. 9:1; Col. 1:13), this term is also associated with the hour of Jesus’ betrayal (Mt. 26:45), drawing near to a city (Lk. 19:41), and drawing near to God (Jas. 4:8).

Nov
2017

“Ἑβραϊστί”

Limited to Jn. 5:2; 19:13, 17, 20; 20:16; Rev. 9:11; 16:16,”Hebraisti” meant “In Hebrew” or “in the Hebrew language.”

The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (1:370) suggested the references in John “probably” use this term “to provide historical details” and the book of Revelation contains this term “to intensify the strangeness of what is portrayed.”

Nov
2017

“Ἑβραῖος”

Limited to Acts 6:1; 2 Cor. 11:22; Phil. 3:5, Hebraios” described someone who was a Hebrew.  This designation is far less common in the New Testament than the word “Jew.”

The Dictionary of New Testament Theology (2:305) claims this “is an old word of uncertain meaning,” and “was used by other peoples in the old stories sometimes in a derogatory manner, sometimes by Israel in dealings with foreigners in a self-depreciating manner” (ibid).

Nov
2017

The number ἕβδομος

Limited to Jn. 4:52; Heb. 4:4; Jude 14; Rev. 8:1; 10:7; 11:15; 16:17; 21:20, the number “hebdomos” meant “seventh.”  This word describes an hour of the day (Jn. 4:52), a day of the week (Heb. 4:4), a person in a genealogy (Jude 14), and various items in the book of Revelation.